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Table 3 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Dry needling for spine related disorders: a scoping review

Inclusion CriteriaCervical region: posterior from the superior nuchal line and mastoid to the spine of the scapula, anteriorly from the inferior border of the mandible to clavicle, and laterally to the acromion of the scapula. Pain and/or treatment within region defined above.
Thoraco-lumbar-pelvic (TLP) region: posteriorly from the inferior border of the spine of the scapula to the coccyx, laterally to the mid-axillary line, inferiorly to the horizontal lower margin of the buttock at its junction with the thigh (gluteal fold). Pain and/or treatment within the region defined above.
Exclusion CriteriaDry Needling not specified in title or abstract
Pathological conditions, non-mechanical pain or secondary to other pathology
Not English language
Full paper available through university library
Post-August 7, 2018
Study types: non-experimental designs, narrative reviews, systematic reviews, meta analyses, protocols, reports of complications only, editorials, commentaries, patient brochures, poster summaries, letters to the editor
Methodologies: non-human subjects, asymptomatic patients only, physiological responses only, treatment effects not reported, side-effects only reported without other clinical effects