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Table 8 Summary Clinical Guideline recommendations congenital muscular torticollis

From: The effectiveness and safety of conservative interventions for positional plagiocephaly and congenital muscular torticollis: a synthesis of systematic reviews and guidance

RecommendationsUSA
American Physical Therapy Association 2018a
Physiotherapy / Physical therapy
Home exercise (eg passive stretching)
Positioning (e.g. tummy time)
Handling / feeding
Education
BotulinumN/A (consider specialist referral if no response to PT treatment)
SurgeryN/A (consider specialist referral if no response to PT treatment)
  1. aUSA: American Physical Therapy Association (Kaplan et al. 2018) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30277962