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Table 4 Annual percent change with 95% confidence interval of number of services per 100,000 insured population, total cost per 100,000 insured population, benefits paid per 100,000 insured population, and out-of-pocket cost per 100,000 insured population by manual therapy profession in Australia during 2008–2012 and 2013–2017

From: Service utilisation trends in the manual therapy professions within the Australian private healthcare setting between 2008 and 2017

  Chiropractic Osteopathy Physiotherapy
2008–2012
 Number of services 0.8% (0.7%, 0.8%)* 10.8% (10.7%, 10.9%)* 2.9% (2.9%, 2.9%)*
 Total cost 1.9% (1.9%, 1.9%)* 11.0% (10.9%, 11.0%)* 4.1% (4.1%, 4.1%)*
 Benefits paid 1.7% (1.7%, 4.8%)* 8.7% (8.7%, 8.7%)* 3.7% (3.7%, 3.7%)*
 Out-of-pocket cost 2.1% (2.1%, 2.1%)* 12.8% (12.8%, 1.9%)* 4.5% (4.5%, 4.5%)*
2013–2017
 Number of services −2.1% (−2.2%, −2.1%)* 2.9% (2.8%, 3.0%)* 1.4% (1.4%, 1.5%)*
 Total cost −0.9% (− 0.9%, − 0.9%)* 4.0% (3.9%, 4.0%)* 3.0% (3.0%, 3.0%)*
 Benefits paid −1.6% (−1.6%, −1.6%)* 1.9% (1.8%, 1.9%)* 2.0% (2.0%, 2.0%)*
 Out-of-pocket cost 0.0% (0.0%, 0.0%)* 5.4% (5.4%, 5.4%)* 4.1% (4.1%, 4.1%)*
  1. * p < 0.001