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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in each group

From: Short-term effect of kinesiology taping on pain, functional disability and lumbar proprioception in individuals with nonspecific chronic low back pain: a double-blinded, randomized trial

Variable Kinesio taping
(n = 15)
Placebo
(n = 15)
P-value
Age (years) 44.3 ± 3.6 42.1 ± 6.9 0.274
Gender (female) 9 (60%) 6 (40%) 0.439
BMI (kg/m2) 24.9 ± 3.5 24.8 ± 3.6 0.890
Total score of pain (S/A) 18.2 ± 6.9 15.4 ± 5.4 0.296
Pain (VAS) 5.6 ± 1.4 4.7 ± 1.1 0.062
PPI 2.2 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.4 0.549
Disability (ODI) 21.1 ± 6.1 19.2 ± 6.1 0.397
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, ODI Oswestry Disability Index, on a percentage scale, score from 0 to 20% indicate a minimal disability, 21–40% indicate a moderate disability, 41–60% severe disability, 61–80% for crippled and 81–100%. S/A Sensory and Affective, PPI Present Pain Intensity, AE Absolute Error, CE Constant Error. Data are presented as means and standard deviation (Mean ± SD). † Independent sample t-test, ‡ Chi-square test