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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of sample (n = 56)

From: Skills, attitudes and uptake of evidence-based practice: a cross-sectional study of chiropractors in the Swedish Chiropractic Association

Characteristic Frequency
Age, n (%)
 20–29 years 3 (5.4)
 30–39 years 17 (30.4)
 40–49 years 16 (28.6)
 50–59 years 13 (23.2)
 60+ years 7 (12.5)
Sex, n (%)
 Male 32 (57.1)
 Female 22 (39.3)
 Do not wish to state 2 (3.6)
Highest qualification, n (%)
 Vocational Degree/Diploma 2 (3.6)
 University or College Certificate/Diploma 2 (3.6)
 Bachelor degree 4 (7.1)
 Master’s degree (2 years) 35 (62.5)
 PhD/Doctorate 5 (8.9)
 Other 6 (10.7)
 Missing 2 (3.6)
Years since receiving highest qualification, n (%)
 0 years 0 (0.0)
 1–5 years 7 (12.5)
 6–10 years 8 (14.3)
 11–15 years 11 (19.6)
 16+ years 29 (51.8)
 Missing 1 (1.8)
Years practiced in the field of chiropractic, n (%)
 0 years 0 (0.0)
 1–5 years 7 (12.5)
 6–10 years 6 (10.7)
 11–15 years 10 (17.9)
 16+ years 33 (58.9)
Hours per week in clinical (chiropractic) practice, n (%)
 0 h 1 (1.8)
 1–15 h 1 (1.8)
 16–30 h 18 (32.1)
 31–45 h 35 (62.5)
 46+ hours 1 (1.8)
Hours per week participating in research, n (%)
 0 h 35 (62.5)
 1–15 h 17 (30.4)
 16–30 h 1 (1.8)
 31–45 h 3 (5.4)
 46+ hours 0 (0.0)
Hours per week teaching higher education, n (%)
 0 h 53 (94.6)
 1–15 h 2 (3.6)
 16–30 h 0 (0.0)
 31–45 h 0 (0.0)
 46+ hours 0 (0.0)
 Missing 1 (1.8)
Treatments/management typically provided in initial chiropractic consultation, n (%)
 Joint manipulation (e.g. HVLA) 52 (92.9)
 Triggerpoint therapy 47 (83.9)
 Home exercise and ADL advice or instruction 44 (78.6)
 Exercise and physical activity advice or instruction 43 (76.8)
 Ergonomic advice or instruction 41 (73.2)
 Health/lifestyle advice or instruction 37 (66.1)
 Joint mobilisation 33 (58.9)
 Referral to other healthcare provider 31 (55.4)
 Physical exercise / rehabilitation training 27 (48.2)
 Stretching 27 (48.2)
 Non-prescription pharmaceutical advice or instruction 26 (46.4)
 Massage/soft-tissue mobilization 24 (42.9)
 Traction 23 (41.1)
 Taping 20 (35.7)
 Referral to other health service 16 (28.6)
 Dietary advice or instruction 12 (21.4)
 Heat/cold treatment 11 (19.6)
 Other 10 (17.9)
 Nutritional supplementation advice 9 (16.1)
 Acupuncture 6 (10.7)
 Laser therapy 4 (7.1)
 Ultrasound 1 (1.8)
 TENS 0 (0.0)
Clinical setting in which chiropractic is predominantly practiced, n (%)
 With a group of conventional providers 15 (26.8)
 With CM & conventional providers 13 (23.2)
 With a group of chiropractors 11 (19.6)
 Solo practice 11 (19.6)
 Other 3 (5.4)
 With a group of CM providers 2 (3.6)
 Within an educational institution (e.g. university) 1 (1.8)
County regions of Sweden, n (%)
 Stockholm county region 19 (33.9)
 Skåne county region 11 (19.6)
 Other county regions 26 (46.4)
 Missing 1 (1.8)
Geographical region, n (%)
 City (Central business district) 43 (76.8)
 Suburbs 11 (19.6)
 Rural/remote region 1 (1.8)
 Missing 1 (1.8)
  1. ADL Activities of daily living, CM Complementary medicine, HVLA high-velocity low amplitude, TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation