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Table 8 Risk of Bias table: Case Report & Case Series

From: The safety of spinal manipulative therapy in children under 10 years: a rapid review

Risk of Bias table: Low risk of bias - Case Report & Case Series
Author, Year1.11.21.31.41.51.61.71.8Overall assessment
Hubbard, 2010 [62]CSYCSNN/ACSYY+
Muir, 2012 [63]CSYCSYN/ACSYY+
Bourque, 2018 [53]CSYCSNN/ACSCSY+
Iyer, 2017 [34]CSYCSYN/ACSCSY+
Young, 2017 [56]CSYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
Berube, 2004 [57]CSYCSYN/ACSCSY+
Dorough, 2018 [58]CSYCSNN/ACSCSY+
Zhang, 2004 [35]YYCSCSN/ACSCSN+
Martin-Marcotte, 2018 [59]CSYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
McCormick, 2018 [60]CSYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
Lacroix, 2016 [64]CSYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
Makela, 2018 [65]CSYCSCSN/ACSYY+
Paravicini, 2018 [66]YYCSCSN/ACSYY+
Dobson, 1996 [46]CSYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
Alcantara, 2008 [47]CSYCSCSN/ACSYY+
Wilson, 2012 [48]CSYYYN/ACSYY+
Alcantara, 2010 [49]YYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
Miller, 2008 [50]YYYYN/ACSYY+
Shafrir, 1992 [51]CSYYYN/ACSYY+
Humphris, 2014 [52]CSYCSYN/ACSCSY+
Fairest, 2013 [54]CSYCSYN/ACSCSY+
Gordon, 2011 [55]CSYCSCSN/ACSCSY+
Risk of Bias table: High risk of bias - Case Report & Case Series
Author, Year1.11.21.31.41.51.61.71.8Overall assessment
Kinkpe, 2009 [39]CSCSYNN/ACSYN
Nicolas-Schmid, 2016 [40]YNYCSN/ACSNN
Cox, 2016 [41]YNCSCSN/ACSCSY
Miller, 2009 [42]YCSCSCSN/ACSCSY
Ghanim, 2019 [43]CSNYYN/ACSYY
Deputy, 2014 [44]CSCSYNN/ACSYY
Wiberg, 2010 [45]YCSCSCSN/ACSCSN
  1. Y yes, N no, N/A not applicable, CS can’t say; ++: high quality; +: acceptable quality; −: unacceptable quality/rejected
  2. Legend: Case report & case series
  3. 1.1 Patient Selection
  4. 1.2 Exposure Ascertainment
  5. 1.3 Outcome Ascertainment
  6. 1.4 Alternative Causes
  7. 1.5 Challenge/Rechallenge
  8. 1.6 Dose-Response
  9. 1.7 Length of Follow-Up
  10. 1.8 Sufficient Detail