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Table 1 Previous interventions and prognostic indicators at baseline in a pragmatic randomized controlled trial for non-surgical outpatients referred to orthopaedics

From: Naprapathy versus orthopaedic standard care for common musculoskeletal disorders: an 8-year follow-up of a pragmatic randomized controlled trial in Sweden

  Experimental group Control group
(n = 40) (n = 38)
Mean age, years 38 45
Women % 42 60
Location of the worst pain, %   
Foot/leg 32 23
Shoulder/arm 20 19
Knee 13 18
Back 14 17
Elbow/hand 13 11
Head/neck 3 7
Pelvis/hip 5 5
Duration of pain, %   
 < 3 months 5 5
3–12 months 30 29
 > 12 months 65 66
Earlier interventions, %   
Doctor* 40 38
Physiotherapist 40 34
X-rays 50 55
Injection 20 18
Medicine† 52 45
Other‡ 25 18
Average pain   
(VAS; 1–100: 100 = worst) 77 62
Disability (ADL functions)   
100% 4 4
75% 2 1
50% 7 4
25% 14 4
0% 13 25
SF-36§   
Pain 37.3 43.8
Physical function 70.4 73.3
  1. * Apart from the referral consultation; GP, orthopaedist or emergency visit
  2. Medicine requiring prescription only
  3. Chiropractor, osteopath, acupuncture, CRP/Borrelia/SR, orthosis, surgery
  4. § Higher value indicates less pain/better physical function