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Table 3 Healthcare interventions for the participants of a pragmatic randomized controlled trial on orthopaedic outpatient disorders, respectively at 1 and 8 year follow-up

From: Naprapathy versus orthopaedic standard care for common musculoskeletal disorders: an 8-year follow-up of a pragmatic randomized controlled trial in Sweden

Type of intervention Number of interventions at 12 months (1 year) Number of interventions at 96 months (8 years)
Control group (n = 38) Experimental group (n = 40) Control group (n = 37) Experimental group (n = 38)
Naprapathy N.a 166 (40) 13 (2) 4 (2)
Orthopedics 53 (38) 15 (15)* 8 (4) 0
Physiotherapy 242 (13) 31 (2)* 773 (11) 21 (3)
Orthotics 6 (6) 1 (1)* 12 (1) 1 (1)
General practitioner 0 0 7 (2) 0
Radiography/tests 20 (19) 12 (6)* 0 0
Surgical procedures 7 (7) 1 (1)** 2 (2) 5 (5)
Drugs/injections 18 (18) 3 (3)* 0 0
Alternative treatments*** 33 (5) 46 (5) 668 (7) 4 (1)
Total number of treatments: 379 275 1 483 35
  1. The figures in brackets indicate the number of participants receiving each treatment. Some participants had more than one intervention made. The data from baseline—12 months have been published earlier [7].
  2. N.a. = Not applicable.
  3. *Cross-over patients from the experimental group (i.e. after the 3 months protocol driven follow-up time of the RCT).
  4. **One of the 4 patients referred to surgery in the manual experimental group underwent surgery.
  5. ***Alternative treatments: chiropractic, massage, water exercises, lymphatic massage, personal training, shockwave.