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Table 1 Domains from the TDF and their descriptions adapted from Atkins et al. [19]

From: Exploring factors influencing chiropractors’ adherence to radiographic guidelines for low back pain using the Theoretical Domains Framework

Theoretical domain Definitions
Knowledge An awareness of the existence of something
Skills An ability or proficiency acquired through practice
Social/professional role and identity A coherent set of behaviours and displayed personal qualities of an individual in a social or work setting
Beliefs about capabilities Acceptance of the truth, reality or validity about an ability, talent or facility that a person can put to constructive use
Optimism The confidence that things will happen for the best or that desired goals will be attained
Beliefs about consequences Acceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about outcomes of a behaviour in a given situation
Reinforcement Increasing the probability of a response by arranging a dependent relationship, or contingency, between the response and a given stimulus
Intentions A conscious decision to perform a behaviour or a resolve to act in a certain way
Goals Mental representations of outcomes or end states that an individual wants to achieve
Memory, attention, and decision processes The ability to retain information, focus selectively on aspects of the environment and choose between two or more alternatives
Environmental context and resources Any circumstance of a person’s situation or environment that discourages or encourages the development of skills and abilities, independence, social competence and adaptive behaviour
Social influences Those interpersonal processes that can cause individuals to change their thoughts, feelings, or behaviours
Emotion A complex reaction pattern, involving experiential, behavioural, and physiological elements, by which the individual attempts to deal with a personally significant matter or event
Behavioural regulation Anything aimed at managing or changing objectively observed or measured actions