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Table 3 Interventions undertaken or advice given by chiropractic respondents for the patient described in the vignette (%(n))

From: Management of people with low back pain: a survey of opinions and beliefs of Dutch and Belgian chiropractors

Response options Vignette 1 Vignette 2 Vignette 3 Vignette 4 Vignette 5 Vignette 6
Treatment n = 181 n = 176 n = 168 n = 163 n = 162 n = 159
 No intervention expectant observant 4.4 (8) 22.7 (40) 3.6 (6) 3.7 (6) 13.6 (22) 3.8 (6)
 Chiropractic adjustment (including SMT, Cox, Activator, Gonstead, Thomson drop) 92.8 (168) 59.1 (104) 91.1 (153) 92.6 (151) 72.8 (118) 89.9 (143)
 Exercise 30.4 (55) 34.7 (61) 25 (42) 49.1 (80) 54.3 (88) 31.4 (50)
 Education (back school) 26.5 (48) 26.7 (47) 29.2 (49) 36.2 (59) 40.1 (65) 28.9 (46)
 Massage 28.2 (51) 15.9 (28) 19.6 (33) 27.6 (45) 19.1 (31) 16.4 (26)
 Spinal traction (not flexion distraction) 6.1 (11) 10.8 (19) 16.7 (28) 6.7 (11) 5.6 (9) 16.4 (26)
 Psychosocial evaluation by chiropractor 11.6 (21) 16.5 (29) 4.2 (7) 19 (31) 17.9 (29) 3.1 (5)
 Non exercise modalities (eg. Heat, ice etc.) 53.6 (97) 15.3 (27) 41.1 (69) 30.1 (49) 17.3 (28) 29.9 (47)
 Electrotherapy (eg. TENS, interferential, etc.) 0.6 (1) 1.1 (2) 1.2 (2) 0.6 (1) 0.6 (1) 0 (0)
 Other treatment 18.3 (33) 22.2 (39) 19.0 (32) 16 (26) 14.2 (23) 14.5 (23)
How often do you treat the patient n = 173 n = 116 n = 163 n = 151 n = 141 n = 152
 Once a week 17.3 (30) 66.4 (77) 7.4 (12) 43.7 (66) 64.5 (91) 19.1 (29)
 Twice a week 63.6 (110) 19 (22) 68.7 (112) 50.3 (76) 10.6 (15) 66.4 (101)
 Three times a week 8.1 (14) 0 (0) 14.1 (23) 2 (3) 0.7 1) 9.9 (15)
 Other 11 (19) 14.7 (17) 9.8(16) 4 (6) 24.1 (34) 4.6 (7)
 Re-evaluation after … treatments; mean(SD) 3.6 (2.0) 3.2 (2.5) 3.8 (2.3) 4.5 (2.0) 3.6 (2.5) 4.1 (2.4)
Advice on       
Return to work n = 179 n = 171 n = 167 n = 163 n = 162 n = 159
 Return to normal work 3.4 (6) 3.5 (6) 1.2 (2) 38.7 (63) 29.6 (48) 10.7 (17)
 Return to part time or light duties 38 (68) 49.1 (84) 23.4 (39) 51.5 (84) 54.9 (89) 54.7 (87)
 Be off work until pain has improved 52.5 (94) 38 (65) 61.7 (103) 8.6 (14) 13 (21) 28.3 (45)
 Be off work until pain has completely disappeared 4.5 (8) 5.8 (10) 8.4 (14) 1.2 (2) 2.5 (4) 4.4 (7)
 Be off work for a further …. Weeks 1.7 (3)
(mean 2.5 weeks, SD = 0.7)
3.5 (6)
(mean 2.4 weeks, SD = 0.8)
5.4 (9)
(mean 2.7 weeks, SD = 0.9)
0 (0) 0 (0) 1.9 (3)
(2.2 weeks, SD = 0.8)
Bedrest n = 179 n = 171 n = 167 n = 163 n = 162 n = 159
 Avoid resting in bed entirely 6.7 (12) 9.9 (17) 5.4 (9) 33.1 (54) 29 (47) 10.7 (17)
 Avoid resting in bed as much as possible 40.2 (72) 39.8 (68) 29.9 (50) 39.3 (64) 40.7 (66) 36.5 (58)
 Rest in bed only when pain is severe 50.8 (91) 46.2 (79) 58.7 (98) 25.8 (42) 27.8 (45) 50.3 (80)
 Rest in bed until pain improves substantially 2.2 (4) 4.1 (7) 6 (10) 1.8 (3) 2.5 (4) 1.3 (2)
 Rest in bed until pain disappears 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1.3 (2)
Stay active n = 179 n = 171 n = 167 n = 163 n = 162 n = 159
 Perform usual activities 1.7 (3) 2.3 (4) 0.6 (1) 23.9 (39) 21 (34) 3.8 (6)
 Perform activities within the patient's tolerance 73.2 (131) 69 (118) 50.3 (84) 62.6 (102) 64.2 (104) 67.3 (107)
 Perform only pain free activities 24 (43) 25.1 (43) 43.1 (72) 12.9 (21) 14.8 (24) 23.9 (38)
 Limit all physical activities until pain disappears 1.1 (2) 3.5 (6) 6 (10) 0.6 (1) 0 (0) 5 (8)