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Table 4 Practice guideline adherence for the management of low back pain by chiropractors in all vignettes: results of (univariable and multivariable) generalized mixed model

From: Management of people with low back pain: a survey of opinions and beliefs of Dutch and Belgian chiropractors

Univariable generalized mixed model Practice guidelines adherence in the vignette (%(95% CI)) OR (95%CI)
Overall adherence for all six vignettes 64.5 (58.7–70.0)  
Overall adherence for the three vignettes describing patients with acute low back pain 55.9 (50.5–61.1)  
Overall adherence for the three vignettes describing patients with chronic low back pain 73.4 (66.7–79.2)  
Postgraduate training   
 No (reference category) 64.6 (57.1–71.5)  
 Yes 64.5 (54.9–73.0) 1.0 (0.6–1.7)
Country where working   
 Belgium (reference category) 59.1 (47.5–69.8)  
 The Netherlands 66.5 (59.8–72.7) 1.4 (0.8–2.4)
Type of practice   
 Solo practice (reference category) 64.4 (55.3–72.5)  
 Group practice 64.7 (56.9–71.8) 1.0 (0.6–1.7)
Years in practice   
 0–10 years 67.4 (58.8–74,9)  
 11–20 years 51.5 (40.5–62.4) 0.5 (0.3–0.9)
 20+ years 73.6 (62.8–82.2) 1.3 (0,7–2.5)
Familiar with guidelines   
 No (reference category) 59.3 (48.1–69.5)  
 Yes 66.7 (59.6–72.9) 1.4 (0.8–2.4)
Multivariable generalized mixed models Coefficient OR 95% CI
Post-graduate education    
 No (reference category)    
 Yes − 0.2 0.8 0.5–1.4
Country where working    
 Belgium (reference category)    
 Netherlands 0.4 1.5 0.8–2.7
Type of practice    
 Solo practice (reference category)    
 Group practice − 0.1 0.9 0.5–1.5
Years in practice    
 0–10 years (reference category)    
 10–20 years − 0.7 0.5 0.3–0.9
 20+ years 0.4 1.4 0.8–2.7
Familiar with guidelines    
 No (reference category)    
 Yes 0.3 1.4 0.8–2.4