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Table 3 Sensitivity and specificity of orthopaedic tests for SI pain/dysfunction

From: Accuracy of spinal orthopaedic tests: a systematic review

Authors No. of Subjects Test Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) QUADAS Score
Laslett et al [8] 48 SI Compression 91 83  
   SI Distraction 91 83  
   Thigh Thrust 91 83 12
   Gaenslen 91 83  
   Sacral Thrust 91 83  
Laslett et al [9] 48 SI Compression 69 69  
   SI Distraction 60 81  
   Thigh Thrust 88 69 11
   Gaenslen 53 71  
   Sacral Thrust 63 75  
Broadhurst & Bond [11] 40 Fabere 77* 50**  
   Posterior Shear 80* 69** 7
   Resisted Abduction 87* 65**  
Dreyfuss et al [13] 85 Gillet 43 68  
   Fabere 69 16 10
   Gaenslen 71 26  
   Thigh Thrust 36 50  
Leboeuf [18] 68 Fabere 10 86  
   SI Aggravation 20 59  
   Ely 44 83 6
   Yoeman 46 72  
   Sacral Base Spring 33 59  
  1. * = based on at least 70% reduction in pain, ** = based on at least 90% reduction in pain