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Open Access

On the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing: a literature review

Chiropractic & Osteopathy200715:4

Received: 14 February 2007

Accepted: 06 March 2007

Published: 06 March 2007

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Archived Comments

  1. Rebuttal of this article

    30 March 2012

    Bruce Walker, CMT Editor-in-Chief

    A rebuttal article to this paper has been published in this journal. see:
    Haas M, Cooperstein R, Peterson D. Disentangling manual muscle testing and Applied Kinesiology: critique and reinterpretation of a literature review. Chiropr Osteopat. 2007 Aug 23;15:11.

    Competing interests


Authors’ Affiliations

Chiropractic Health Center
Goodheart Zatkin Hack and Associates