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Table 3 Common behaviour rating scales used in the assessment of AD/HD and monitoring of treatment.

From: Chiropractic care for paediatric and adolescent Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A systematic review

Name of scale


Academic Performance Rating Scale (APRS)

The APRS is a 19-item scale for determining a child's academic productivity and accuracy in grades 1-6 that has 6 scale points; construct, concurrent, and discriminant validity data, as well as norms (n = 247), available (Barkley, 1990) [103]

AD/HD Rating Scale-IV

The AD/HD Rating Scale-IV is an 18-item scale using DSM-IV criteria (DuPaul et al., 1998) [104]

Brown ADD Rating Scales for Children, Adolescents and Adults

Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX (Brown, 2001) [105]

Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL)

Parent-completed CBCL and Teacher-Completed Teacher Report Form (TRF)

Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised (CPRS-R)a

Parent, adolescent self-report versions available (Conners, 1997)[106]

Conners' Teacher Rating Scale-Revised (CTRS-R)a

(Conners, 1997) [106]

Conners' Wells Adolescent Self Report Scale

(Conners and Wells, 1997) [106]

Home Situations Questionnaire-Revised (HSQ-R), School Situations Questionnaire-Revised (SSQ-R)

The HSQ-R is a 14-item scale designed to assess specific problems with attention and concentration across a variety of home and public situations; it uses a 0-9 scale and has test-retest, internal consistency, construct validity, discriminant validity, concurrent validity, and norms (n = 581) available (Barkley, 1990)[103]

Inattention/Overactivity With Aggression (IOWA) Conners' Teacher Rating Scale

The IOWA Conners is a 10-item scale developed to separate the inattention and overactivity ratings from oppositional defiance (Loney and Milich, 1982) [107]

Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham (SNAP-IV) and SKAMP Internet site AD/HD.NET

The SNAP-IV (Swanson, 1992) [108] is a 26-item scale that contains DSM-IV criteria for AD/HD and screens for other DSM diagnoses; the SKAMP (Wigal et al., 1998)[109] is a 10-item scale that measures impairment of functioning at home and at school

Vanderbilt AD/HD Diagnostic Parent and Teacher Scales

Teachers rate 35 symptoms and 8 performance items measuring AD/HD symptoms and common comorbid conditions (Wolraich et al., 2003a) [110]. The parent version contains all 18 AD/HD symptoms with items assessing comorbid conditions and performance (Wolraich et al., 2003b) [111]

  1. Note: AD/HD = attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
  2. a The longer form should be used for initial assessment, whereas the shorter form is often used for assessing response to treatment, particularly when repeated administration is required.
  3. Source: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry [2]