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Table 3 Responses to the third question of diagnosis, "What has gone wrong with this person as a whole that would cause the pain experience to develop and persist?"

From: Application of a diagnosis-based clinical decision guide in patients with neck pain

Diagnostic sign Frequency Percent (95% CI)
Dynamic instability 38 40.0 (30.2-49.9)
Oculomotor Dysfunction 11 11.6 (5.1-18.0)
Central pain hypersensitivity 4 4.2 (0.2-8.3)
Fear 30 31.6 (22.2-40.9)
Passive coping 5 5.3 (0.8-9.8)
Depression 2 2.1 (0-5.0)
  1. CI = confidence interval