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Table 11 Description of studies on hip pain

From: What is the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in the elderly population in developed countries? A systematic critical literature review

First author Publ. year Country Study design / Population /Method of collection Sample size Crude response rate (%) Outcome definition Outcome assessment method Prevalence period Age Prevalence* (95% CI) Risk of bias
   Total M F       M F Total  
Peat [92] 2006 UK 2002, (50+ yo), all community-dwelling adults registered with 3 general practices in North Staffordshire (The NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 2429 1005 1424 22 The Regional Pains Survey, containing the Western Ontario & McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index on hip pain (the WOMAC-HIP) Self report One year 65-74 47 50   U
75+ 44 48  
Dawson [91] 2004 UK 2002, (65+), a random sample from the Oxfordshire Health Authority register. Postal questionnaire 3341 1557 1784 61 "During the past 12 months, have you had pain in or around either of your hips on most days for one month or longer?" Self report One year 65-74 14.7 23.1   U
75-84 18.0 20.7
85+ 18.8 21.0
Keenan [73] 2006 UK 1993, (55+ yo), a two-stage random sample from the North Yorkshire Family Health Services Authority. Postal questionnaire 16222 ? ? 86 Any swelling, pain, or stiffness in any of their joints that lasted >6 weeks in the previous 3 months (identified on a manikin) Self report 3 months 65-74 10.2 (9.1-11.4) 14.4 (13.1-15.8) 12.5 (12.3-13.8) L
75+ 7.3 (6.3-8.4) 17.2 (15.8-18.6) 13.8 (12.6-15.1)
Miro [75] 2007 Spain (65+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population census obtained from the Catalan Statistics Institute, Catalonia. Interview + questionnaire (local primary care centre) 592 274 318 99 The Chronic Pain Grade: “In the past 3 months have you had pain that has lasted for one day or longer in any part of your body?” Self report 3 months 65-74    30.3 L
75-84 31.5
85+ 30.2
Parsons [77] 2007 UK 2001-3, (18+ yo), random samples from 16 Medical Research Council General Practice Research Framework practices, South East quadrant of the UK. Postal questionnaire 2501 1347 1154 47 The Chronic Pain Grade: Any ‘pain which has lasted for 3 months or longer and currently troubles respondents either all of the time or on and off' Self report 3 months 65-74    5 U
75-101 4
Christmas [90] 2002 USA 1988-92 & 1991–4, (60+ yo), a multistage, cluster and stratified representative sample of US civilians (NHANES III). Home Questionnaire and Interview, Examination in mobile examination centre 6596 ? ? ? Significant hip pain on most days over the preceding 6 weeks Self report & clinical examination 6 week 60-69 11 14   U
70-79 12 17
80+ 11 16
Suka [83] 2009 Japan 2005, about 1000 persons from five different healthcare facilities were asked to participate. Questionnaire (Health care facility) 5652 ? ? ? Musculoskeletal pain (marked on a drawing with predefined body regions) for more than 1 week during the last month Self report One month 60-69 2.4 5.6   H
Thomas [87] 2004 UK (50+ yo), all patients from three GPs from the North Staffordshire Primary Care Research Consortium (the NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 7878 ? ? 70 “In the past 4 weeks have you had pain that has lasted for one day or longer in any part of your body?” [supplemented by a full body manikin] Self report One month 60-69    28.3 U
70-79 27.0
80+ 25.6
Picavet [78] 2003 The Netherlands 1998, (25+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population register (the DMC3-study). Postal questionnaire 3664 44.8% 55.2% 46 [Hip] pain during the survey Self report Point 65+ 11.1 (8.5-13.7) 21.2 (17.8-24.5)   L
  1. *Prevalence estimates without decimals are obtained from figures/graphs in the article and should be interpreted with caution.
  2. I: Interview, Q: Questionnaire; E: Examination, R: Register. L: Low, U: Unclear, H: High.