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Table 12 Description of studies on knee pain

From: What is the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in the elderly population in developed countries? A systematic critical literature review

First author Publ. year Country Study design / Population / Method of collection Sample size Crude response rate (%) Outcome definition Outcome assessment method Prevalence period Age Prevalence* (95% CI) Risk of bias
   Total M F       M F Total  
Dawson [91] 2004 UK 2002, (65+), a random sample from the Oxfordshire Health Authority register. Postal questionnaire 3341 1557 1784 61 "During the past 12 months, have you had pain in or around either of your hips on most days for one month or longer?" Self report One year 65-74 26.1 36.2   U
75-84 31.0 37.4
85+ 32.3 35.5
Jinks [94] 2008 UK (50+), all pxatients registered at three general practices in North Staffordshire. Postal questionnaire 2059 ? ? 56 Have had pain in or around either knee in the last 12 months (NB. Only ‘severe’ pain can be extracted from “new onset” of knee pain) Self report One year 65-74    8 L
75+ 12
Peat [92] 2006 UK 2002, (50+ yo), all community-dwelling adults registered with 3 general practices in North Staffordshire (The NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 2429 1005 1424 22 The Regional Pains Survey, containing the Western Ontario & McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index on hip pain (the WOMAC-KNEE) Self report One year 65-74 70 71   U
75+ 62 74
Keenan [73] 2006 UK 1993, (55+ yo), a two-stage random sample from the North Yorkshire Family Health Services Authority. Postal questionnaire 16222 ? ? q Any swelling, pain, or stiffness in any of their joints that lasted >6 weeks in the previous 3 months. (identified on a manikin) Self report Three months 65-74 18.7 (17.3-?) 24.2 (22.6-25.7) 21.7 (20.2-23.2) L
75+ 17.4 (16.0-18.8) 31.2 (29.5-32.8) 26.4 (24.9-28.0)
Parsons [77] 2007 UK 2001-3, (18+ yo), random samples from 16 Medical Research Council General Practice Research Framework practices, South East quadrant of the UK. Postal questionnaire 2501 1347 1154 47 The Chronic Pain Grade: Any ‘pain which has lasted for 3 months or longer and currently troubles respondents either all of the time or on and off' Self report Three months 65-74    6 U
75-101 6
Croft [93] 2005 UK (50+), all patients registered at three general practices in North Staffordshire 5346 45% 55% 59 ‘Draw on a blank body manikin any pain or ache that had lasted for ≥1 day in the last month’ Self report One month 65-74    63.4 U
75+ 60.4
Suka [83] 2009 Japan 2005, about 1000 persons from five different healthcare facilities were asked to participate. Interview + questionnaire (Health care facility) 5652 ? ? ? Musculoskeletal pain (marked on a drawing with predefined body regions) for more than 1 week during the last month Self report One month 60-69 8.8 15.7   H
Thomas [87] 2004 UK (50+ yo), all patients from three GPs from the North Staffordshire Primary Care Research Consortium (the NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 7878 ? ? 70 “In the past 4 weeks have you had pain that has lasted for one day or longer in any part of your body?” [supplemented by a full body manikin] Self report One month 60-69    37.7 U
70-79 35.4
80+ 37.6
Yaron [86] 2011 Israel 2002, 2006, 2008, (20+ yo), stratified sample drawn from a telephone database on different population sectors. Telephone interview + questionnaire 2520 47.2% 52.8% 59-66 The Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases core questionnaire (CCQ): “In the past 7 days have you experienced pain in any of the following sites: [knees]?” Self report One week 61+    63.9 U
Jordan [27] 2007 USA 1991-7, (45+ yo), stratified simple random sampling of streets as primary sampling units and stratified subsampling of Caucasian women age 65 years or older residents of one of 6 townships (the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project). Home interview + clinical examination (local clinic) 3690 ? ? 72 “On most days, do you have pain, aching, or stiffness in your knee?” Self report Point 65-74    49 (46.1-51.9) U
75+ 56.6 (52.7-60.4)
Picavet [78] 2003 The Netherlands 1998, (25+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population register (the DMC3-study). Postal questionnaire 3664 44.8% 55.2% 46 [Knee] pain during the survey Self report Point 65+ 16.2 (13.2-19.2) 27.6 (23.9-31.3)   L
  1. *Prevalence estimates without decimals are obtained from figures/graphs in the article and should be interpreted with caution.
  2. I: Interview, Q: Questionnaire; E: Examination, R: Register. L: Low, U: Unclear, H: High.