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Table 8 Description of studies on shoulder pain

From: What is the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in the elderly population in developed countries? A systematic critical literature review

  First author Publ. year Country Study design / Population /Method of collection Sample size Crude response rate (%) Outcome definition Outcome assessment method Prevalence period Age Prevalence* (95% CI) Risk of bias
    Total M F       M F Total  
Shoulder pain Hill [88] 2010 Australia 2004-6, (18+ yo), recruited randomly from the electronic White Pages telephone listings (the NWAH Study). Phone interview + questionnaire 3488 1712 1776 81 Ever had pain or aching in their shoulder at rest or when moving, on most days for at least a month Self report Life time 65-74    23.7 U
75+ 26.5
Shoulder pain Vogt [84] 2003 USA 1997-8, (70-79yo), a random sample of age-eligible white Medicare beneficiaries from lists provided by the Health Care Financing Administration and all age-eligible black community residents in designated zip code areas close to the Pittsburgh, PA, and Memphis, TN, field centers (the Health ABC study). Interview + examination (home) 3075 1491 1584 ? neck or shoulder pain lasting at least 1 month during the previous year Self report One year 70-79    18.9 (17.5-20.3) U
Shoulder pain Keenan [73] 2006 UK 1993, (55+ yo), a two-stage random sample from the North Yorkshire Family Health Services Authority. Postal questionnaire 16222 ? ? 86 Any swelling, pain, or stiffness in any of their joints that lasted >6 weeks in the previous 3 months. (identified on a manikin) Self report Three months 65-74 12.6 (11.3-13.8) 17.9 (16.5-19.4) 15.5 (14.2-16.8) L
75+ 13.1 (11.2-14.3) 21.0 (19.5-22.4) 18.3 (16.8-19.7)
Shoulder pain Parsons [77] 2007 UK 2001-3, (18+ yo), random samples from 16 Medical Research Council General Practice Research Framework practices, South East quadrant of the UK. Postal questionnaire 2501 1347 1154 47 The Chronic Pain Grade: Any ‘pain which has lasted for 3 months or longer and currently troubles respondents either all of the time or on and off' Self report Three months 65-74    4 U
75-101 3
Shoulder pain Yaron [86] 2011 Israel 2002, 2006, 2008, (20+ yo), stratified sample drawn from a telephone database on different population sectors. Telephone Interview + questionnaire 2520 47% 53% 59-66 The Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases core questionnaire (CCQ): “In the past 7 days have you experienced pain in any of the following sites: [shoulders]?” Self report One week 61+    50.9 U
Shoulder pain Picavet [78] 2003 The Netherlands 1998, (25+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population register (the DMC3-study). Postal questionnaire 3664 45% 55% 46 [Shoulder] pain during the survey Self report Point 65+ 13.2 (10.4-16.0) 23.1 (19.6-26.6)   L
Shoulder /upper arm pain Gummesson [89] 2003 Sweden 1997, (25–74 yo), stratified randomised sample from the Swedish population register in southern Sweden. Postal questionnaire 2466 ? ? 82 Chronic pain: ‘Where is the pain, numbness, or tingling located and since when have you had the symptoms?’ [shoulder/upper arm, since 3 months] Self report Point 65-74 10.3 19.9   U
Shoulder /upper arm pain Thomas [87] 2004 UK (50+ yo), all patients from three GPs from the North Staffordshire Primary Care Research Consortium (the NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 7878 ? ? 70 “In the past 4 weeks have you had pain that has lasted for one day or longer in any part of your body?” [supplemented by a full body manikin] Self report One month 60-69    33.0 U
70-79 28.0
           80+    24.9  
  1. *Prevalence estimates without decimals are obtained from figures/graphs in the article and should be interpreted with caution.
  2. R: Register. L: Low, U: Unclear, H: High.