Skip to main content

Table 3 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Does inter-vertebral range of motion increase after spinal manipulation? A prospective cohort study

  Patients Healthy volunteers Significance (p)
N 29 30  
Age (years) 39.7 (13.1) 40.9 (13.1) 0.72†
Females 21/29 21/30 0.23‡
With skeletal variants/anomalies 9/29 5/29 0.23‡
Regional range of motion in flexion (degrees-SD) 49 (6.7) 53 (7.2) 0.04†
Regional range of motion in extension (degrees-SD) 51 (7.2) 56 (6.6) 0.03†
Median pain duration, weeks (interquartile range) 12 (2–36)   
With other pain sites 18/29 - -
Mean pain pressure threshold, kPa (SD) 475 (160) - --
Mean pain score/10 (SD) 5 (1.5) - -
Mean NDI score/50 (SD) 13 (6.7) - -
Mean EQ-5D-5 L VAS/100 75 (15.5) - -
EQ-5D-5 L Index (SD) 0.74 (0.099) - -
Mean number of treatment visits (range) 8 (7–8) - -
  1. kPa, kilopascals; NRS, Numerical Rating Scale for pain; NDI, Neck Disability Index; EQ-5D-5 L, Euroquol; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale; , (unpaired) t test; , Fisher’s exact test.