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Table 2 Risk of bias and applicability concerns summary based on the QUADAS-2 checklist

From: Accuracy of clinical tests in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament injury: a systematic review

  Risk of bias Applicability concerns concerns
First author, year Patient selection Index test Reference standard Flow and timing Patient selection Index test Reference standard
Beldame, 2011 [23] ? + + - + + +
Boeree, 1991 [24] - ? + + + + +
Decker, 1988 [33] ? + ? - + + +
Harilainen, 1987 [25] + ? ? - + + +
Katz, 1986 [26] - + ? + + + +
Lee, 1988 [27] - + ? - + + +
Lucie, 1984 [28] - + ? - + + +
Mulligan, 2011 [29] + + ? ? + + +
Noyes, 1980 [30] - ? + - ? + +
Richter, 1996 [34] - + ? + + + +
Schwartz, 1997 [35] - + + + + + +
Tonino, 1986 [31] - + ? ? + + +
Wagemakers, 2010 [19] + + + + + + +
Wong, 1999 [32] + ? ? + + + +
  1. Judgements on risk of bias and applicability concerns: − = high risk; ? = unclear risk; + = low risk.