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Table 3 Overall frequency of use of each technique for specific musculoskeletal conditions*

From: Chiropractic treatment approaches for spinal musculoskeletal conditions: a cross-sectional survey

Musculoskeletal condition Overall order of use of techniques
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
Cervical myofascial pain syndrome STT (84%) Div (78%) Ex (52%) Instr (36%) Other (21%) Gon (8%) TPT (6%) EPT (4%) FlexDist (<1%)
Torticollis STT (82%) Div (76%) Instr (43%) Ex (38%) Other (25%) Gon (7%) EPT (5%) TPT (5%) FlexDist (2%)
Cervical facet syndrome Div (85%) STT (66%) Ex (44%) Instr (42%) Other (18%) Gon (9%) TPT (7%) EPT (4%) FlexDist (2%)
Cervical disc syndrome (without radiculopathy) Div (66%) STT (65%) Instr (45%) Ex (45%) Other (25%) TPT (8%) FlexDist (7%) Gon (7%) EPT (7%)
Cervical disc syndrome (with radiculopathy) STT (65%) Instr (50%) Div (46%) Ex (45%) Other (36%) FlexDist (11%) EPT (9%) TPT (7%) Gon (6%)
Cervical lateral stenosis STT (67%) Div (59%) Ex (50%) Instr (44%) Other (28%) FlexDist (6%) TPT (6%) Gon (5%) EPT (5%)
Cervical central stenosis STT (62%) Ex (46%) Instr (46%) Div (38%) Other (38%) FlexDist (9%) Gon (6%) TPT (6%) EPT (5%)
Cervical related headache Div (85%) STT (81%) Ex (41%) Instr (34%) Other (19%) TPT (8%) Gon (8%) EPT (4%) FlexDist (1%)
Thoracic myofascial pain syndrome Div (85%) STT (81%) Ex (44%) Instr (26%) Other (18%) TPT (11%) Gon (9%) EPT (4%) FlexDist (1%)
Thoracic facet syndrome Div (86%) STT (66%) Ex (38%) Instr (30%) Other (17%) TPT (16%) Gon (13%) EPT (4%) FlexDist (2%)
Rib dysfunction Div (90%) STT (63%) Instr (41%) Ex (30%) TPT (17%) Other (15%) Gon (7%) EPT (4%) FlexDist (<1%)
Lumbar myofascial pain syndrome STT (80%) Div (73%) Ex (45%) Other (23%) Instr (23%) TPT (20%) Gon (12%) EPT (5%) FlexDist (4%)
Lumbar facet syndrome Div (81%) STT (61%) Ex (42%) TPT (27%) Instr (25%) Other (18%) Gon (14%) FlexDist (8%) EPT (34%)
Lumbar disc syndrome (without radiculopathy) Div (62%) STT (53%) Ex (47%) TPT (29%) Other (28%) Instr (25%) FlexDist (20%) Gon (11%) EPT (5%)
Lumbar disc syndrome (with radiculopathy) STT (47%) Ex (47%) Div (43%) Other (38%) Instr (29%) FlexDist (29%) TPT (26%) Gon (10%) EPT (9%)
Lumbar lateral stenosis Div (55%) STT (55%) Ex (45%) Instr (28%) TPT (28%) Other (26%) FlexDist (21%) Gon (10%) EPT (4%)
Lumbar central stenosis STT (52%) Ex (49%) Div (39%) Other (35%) Inst (29%) FlexDist (26%) TPT (22%) Gon (8%) EPT (5%)
Sacroiliac dysfunction Div (77%) STT (53%) TPT (42%) Ex (40%) Other (30%) Instr (20%) Gon (13%) EPT (2%) FlexDist (1%)
  1. *Percentages add up to more than 100% as up to 3 treatment options could be selected per condition.
  2. Key: STT = soft tissue therapy. TPT = Table assisted drop piece/Thompson technique. Instr = Instrument adjusting (Activator or similar). Ex = Exercise program/rehabilitation. Div = Diversified. Gon = Gonstead. FlexDist = Flexion distraction. EPT = Electrophysical therapy. Other = techniques not listed in survey.