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Table 6 The association between aerobic capacity and back pain in people younger than 19 years as reported in four studies

From: Is back pain during childhood or adolescence associated with muscle strength, muscle endurance or aerobic capacity: three systematic literature reviews with one meta-analysis

Ref numb. Name of first author/year Design of study Ind. VAR Dependent VAR possible to use D VAR used in result section Association aerobic capacity and BP
Male Female
[28] Andersen 2006 CS V02 max ergometer LBP/MBP/NP < 1 month Age of 1st BP Consequences BP last month Both sexes:
YES, in bivariate analysis: best quartile Vs least quartile
OR = 0.81
This association disappeared when adjusted for back trunk muscle endurance
[32] Cardon 2009 CS Endurance shuttle run LBP/DP/NP Last week Severity Frequency Pain/no pain Yes No
F (p) 4.1 (0.04) F (p) 0.3 (0.59)
[30] Perry 2009 CS Cycle ergometer BP without NP Ever Month Chronic Diagnosed BP without NP Ever Month Chronic Diagnosed B M B M
Yes No No No
Yes Yes* No No
No No No No
No No No No
HQR vs IQR: OR = 1.53 (95 % CI 1.08-2.17)*
  1. CS: cross-sectionnal study
  2. BMS: back muscle strength (in extension)
  3. BP: Back pain
  4. LBP: Low back pain
  5. DP: Dorsal pain
  6. NP: Neck pain
  7. B: Bivariate analysis
  8. M: Multivariate analysis
  9. HQR: 75 % high quartile
  10. IQR: Interquartile
  11. F(p): difference between group (p-value)