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Table 5 Patient’s perceptions of the therapeutic alliance when treated by same sex and different sex chiropractors

From: Perceptions of the quality of the therapeutic alliance in chiropractic care in The Netherlands: a cross-sectional survey

Patients’ perceptions Gender match N Meana SD t(df) p
Overall WAV-12 No match 78 4.11 ±0.54 t(179) = 0.46 0.64
  Match 103 4.07 ±0.63   
Goal dimension No match 85 4.03 ±0.62 t(193) = 1.03 0.30
  Match 110 3.93 ±0.67   
Task dimension No match 87 4.10 ±0.60 t(196) = 0.14 0.89
  Match 111 4.09 ±0.63   
Bond dimension No match 81 4.20 ±0.66 t(183) = −0.24 0.81
  Match 104 4.23 ±0.73   
  1. aMeasured on a 1–5 point Likert scale, 5 representing an optimal alliance