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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the MTU group (n = 90) and PT group (n = 91)

From: Manual therapy compared with physical therapy in patients with non-specific neck pain: a randomized controlled trial

Variable MTU (n = 90) PT (n = 91)
Age (in years, mean; SD) 49.2 (12.4) 48.7 (12.6)
Gender female (n; %) 56 (62.2) 56 (61.5)
First time neck complaints (n; %) 56 (62.2) 58 (63.7)
3 or more musculoskeletal complaints 54 (60.0) 55 (59.8)
4 or more musculoskeletal complaints 27 (30.0) 26 (28.3)
Combined neck and back pain 15 (16.7) 16 (17.4)
Last Year visit GP for neck complaints (n; %) 23 (25.6) 26 (28.6)
Last Year visit any therapist for neck (n; %) 17 (18.9) 20 (22.0)
Main complaints (n; %)
 Pain 79 (87.8) 80 (87.9)
 Stiffness 30 (33.3) 38 (41.8)
 Mobility impairment 33 (36.7) 37 (40.7)
 Other 7 (7.8) 10 (11.0)
Complain intensity (NRS 0–10)
 Main complaint (mean; SD) 6.9 (1.3) 6.8 (1.4)
 Second complaint (mean; SD) 6.0 (1.6) 5.9 (1.8)
 Third complaint (mean; SD) 5.1 (2.1) 5.3 (2.0)
NDI (0–50) (mean; SD)
  12.5 (6.8) 11.7 (5.4)
NRS pain (0–10) (mean; SD)
  5.5 (2.0) 5.8 (1.8)
FABQ (mean; SD)
 Total (0–96) 30.0 (16.4) 29.6 (15.1)
 Subscale work (0–66) 14.7 (13.5) 14.8 (12.3)
 Subscale physical activity (0–30) 15.3 (5.4) 14.8 (5.7)
SF-36 (mean; SD)
 Physical component summary (0–100) 44.6 (7.9) 44.6 (7.1)
 Mental component summary (0–100) 46.4 (12.5) 47.2 (10.0)
CEQ (mean; SD)
 Credibility (0–27) 22.0 (3.4) 22.4 (3.2)
 Expectancy (0–27) 21.9 (4.8) 22.1 (4.7)
Intervention preference (n; %)
 None 61 (67.8) 63 (69.2)
 Manual therapy 20 (22.2) 20 (22.0)
 Physical therapy 9 (10.0) 8 (8.8)
Pre-stratification
 A. NRS main complaint ≤ 6, age ≤ 39 5 6
 B. NRS main complaint ≤ 6, age ≥ 40 23 23
 C. NRS main complaint ≥ 7, age ≤ 39 16 16
 D. NRS main complaint ≥ 7, age ≥ 40 46 46
  1. Abbreviations: MTU Manual Therapy Utrecht, PT Physical Therapy, SD Standard Deviation, NRS pain Numeric Rating Scale, NDI Neck Disability Index, FABQ Fear Avoidance Belief Questionnaire, SF-36 Short Form-36, CEQ Credibility/Expectancy Questionnaire, SD Standard deviation