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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of traction and patient characteristics

From: Assessment of variability in traction interventions for patients with low back pain: a systematic review

Traction and patient characteristics Descriptive statistics n (%)
Traction types
 Mechanical 22 (59.5%)
 Manual 4 (10.8%)
 Auto-traction 6 (16.2%)
 Inversion 3 (8.1%)
 Aquatic 2 (5.4%)
Traction combined with other intervention
 Traction alone 25 (67.6%)
 Modalities 1 (2.7%)
 Directional preference 2 (5.4%)
 Mixed with physical therapy interventions 5 (13.5%)
 Mixed with unknown intervention 4 (10.8%)
Traction force
 Specific amount of weight (2.3–60 kg) 14 (37.8%)
 Percentage of body weight (20–100%) 13 (35.1%)
 Unknown 10 (27%)
Traction rhythm
 Intermittent 13 (35.1%)
 Continuous 14 (37.8%)
 Mixed 2 (5.4%)
 Unknown 8 (21.6%)
Patient position
 Supine 11 (29.7%)
 Prone 6 (16.2%)
 Standing or vertical 2 (5.4%)
 Mixed 2 (5.4%)
 Unknown 16 (43.2%)
Patient symptom duration
 Acute 3 (8.1%)
 Subacute 3 (8.1%)
 Chronic 6 (16.2%)
 Mixed 20 (54.1%)
 Unknown 5 (13.5%)
Patient sciatica status
 Present sciatica 22 (59.5%)
 Absent sciatica 4 (10.8%)
 Mixed 9 (24.3%)
 Unknown 2 (5.4%)
Pathology
 Specific low back pain pathology 9 (24.3%)
 Non-specific low back pain pathology 28 (75.7%)