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Table 1 – Module learning outcomes mapped to IASP Physical Therapy curriculum objectives

From: Changes in pain knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of osteopathy students after completing a clinically focused pain education module

Module Learning Outcomes IASP Curriculum Outline on Pain for Physical Therapy (2016) – Curriculum Objectives [9]
 1. Relate the neuroanatomy and physiology to different types of pain presenting in clinical practice; #1 Apply knowledge of basic science of pain to the assessment and management of people with pain.
 2. Evaluate the impact of pain and consider influencing factors within the patient’s psychological and social context; #2 Promote health and well-being through prevention of pain and disability.
#4 Identify professional, system, patient, family and community barriers to effective pain assessment and management.
 3. Conduct and interpret assessment of patients with specific types of pain, notably nociceptive/inflammatory pain, neuropathic pain and central sensitisation/amplification using clinical skills and outcomes measures; #3 Assess and measure the biological and psychosocial factors that contribute to pain, physical dysfunction and disability using valid and reliable assessment tools.
#7 Demonstrate an awareness of their scope of practice to evaluate and manage patients experiencing pain using evidenced-based practice strategies for clinical decision-making.
 4. Critically review and apply the current research evidence for the use of manual therapy and its effects in pain treatment; and #5 Develop an evidence-informed physical therapy management program in collaboration with the client/patient, directed at modifying pain, promoting tissue healing, improving function and reducing disability.
#10 Practice in accordance with an ethical code that recognizes human rights, diversity, and the requirement to “do no harm.”
#11 Reflect critically on effective ways to work with and improve care for people with pain.
#12 Regularly update personal knowledge on pain and its management.
 5. Plan osteopathic management aligning with patient’s pain presentation and include published tools for patient education and practical exercises. #6 Implement management that includes patient education, active approaches such as functionally oriented behavioural movement re-education approaches and exercise (including pacing), and passive approaches such as manual therapy, and application of electro-physical agents as relevant.
#8 When appropriate, refer patients in a timely manner for additional care to practitioners with expertise such as medical and surgical, behavioural and psychological, or pharmacological interventions.