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Table 2 Mean STarT Back scores and descriptive characteristics by domain

From: Measuring biopsychosocial risk for back pain disability in chiropractic patients using the STarT back screening tool: a cross-sectional survey

STarT Back total score-mean (SD) n = 496 2.1 (1.9)
STarT Back-5 psychological distress subscore-mean (SD) n = 506 0.8 (1.2)
Referred pain to leg (Y)-n (%) n = 539 94 (17.4)
Shoulder or neck pain (Y)-n (%) n = 544 412 (75.7)
Physical Function: Only walked short distances (Y)-n (%) n = 537 99 (18.4)
Physical Function: Dressed more slowly (Y)-n (%) n = 537 100 (18.6)
Fear-avoidance: Not safe to be active (Y)-n (%) n = 532 48 (8.7)
Anxiety: Worrying thoughts (Y)-n (%) n = 536 95 (17.7)
Catastrophizing: Back pain is terrible and never going to get better (Y)-n (%) n = 537 57 (10.6)
Depression: Not enjoying things I used to (Y)-n (%) n = 531 168 (31.6)
Bothersomeness (very much to extremely)-n (%) n = 538 91 (16.5)