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Table 1 Description of 14 studies published between 2008 and 2018, included in a systematic review on chiropractic Maintenance Care

From: Chiropractic maintenance care - what’s new? A systematic review of the literature

Author Year of publicationDesign of studyPopulationSample sizeResponse rateResearch question explored
Axén 2008 [8]SurveyChiropractorsN = 5960%Indications for Maintenance Care
Prevalence of Maintenance Care
Axén 2009 [10]Focus group + SurveyChiropractorsN = 36
N = 129
22%
77%
Indications for Maintenance Care
Chiropractors’ belief in Maintenance Care
Møller 2009 [11]Survey with open-ended questionChiropractorsN = 11NA, selected groupDefinition of concept
Indications for Maintenance Care
Prevalence of Maintenance Care
Consultation patterns
Malmqvist 2009 [12]Structured workshop, a focus group discussionChiropractorsN = 15NAIndications for Maintenance Care
Sandnes 2010 [13]Observation in clinicsChiropractorsN = 868NAPrevalence of Maintenance
Care Consultation patterns
Decision making
Hansen 2010 [15]SurveyChiropractorsN = 29772%Indications for Maintenance Care
Prevalence of Maintenance Care
Chiropractor-related factors associated with Maintenance Care
Senna 2011 [18]RCTPatients from specialized hospital clinicN = 6065%Efficacy of intense follow up with SMT compared to a) SMT without follow up and b) sham SMT without follow up
Martel 2011 [19]RCTChiropractic
Patients
N = 9893%Efficacy of SMT compared to a) SMT plus exercise and b) attention
Cifuentes 2011 [21]Observational, databasePatients with workers’ compensation claimsN = 894NA, selected groupHealth care use for chiropractic patients compared to physician- and physical therapist- patients
Bringsli 2012 [10]Observational +
Survey
Chiropractors
+
Chiropractic Maintenance Care-patients
N = 178
N = 373
NA
Not known
Rationale
Consultation patterns
Content
Axén 2013 [9]ObservationalChiropractorsN = 25296%Indications for Maintenance Care
Myburgh 2013 [14]Interview studyChiropractorsN = 10NADefinition of concept
Indications for Maintenance Care Consultation patterns
Content Decision making
Eklund 2018 [16]RCTChiropractic patientsN = 31997%Efficacy of pre-scheduled treatments compared to treatments when needed.
Maiers 2018 [17]RCTChiropractic patientsN = 18090%Efficacy of SMT and exercises for 36 weeks compared to SMT and exercises for 12 weeks.
  1. SMT Spinal Manipulative Therapy, NA Not applicable, RCT Randomized controlled trial