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Table 7 Number of studies describing structure treated in TLP region (percent of total)

From: Dry needling for spine related disorders: a scoping review

 TLP
lumbar multifidi6 (8.45)
quadratus lumborum9 (12.68)
gluteus medius8 (11.27)
gluteus maximus5 (7.04)
thoracic multifidi2 (2.82)
thoracic paravertebrals3 (4.23)
paravertebrals (unspecified)2 (2.82)
piriformis4 (5.64)
lower trapezius2 (2.82)
latissmus dorsi2 (2.82)
thoraco-lumbar iliocostalis2 (2.82)
lumbar erector spinae2 (2.82)
sacral multifidi1 (1.41)
multifidi (unspecified)1 (1.41)
psoas major1 (1.41)
iliopsoas2 (2.82)
gluteus minimus3 (4.23)
gluteal muscles1 (1.41)
tensor fasciae latae2 (2.82)
hamstrings1 (1.41)
rectus femoris2 (2.82)
gastrocnemius1 (1.41)
iliolumbara1 (1.41)
transforaminal epidural1 (1.41)
lumbar paravertebrals1 (1.41)
pelvic ligaments (unspecified)1 (1.41)
ribs1 (1.41)
ischial tuberosity1 (1.41)
unspecified thoracic or lumbar spinous processes1 (1.41)
miscellaneous non-muscular structures1 (1.41)
segmental myotomal points throughout the spine and lower extremity1 (1.41)
Total conditions treated71
  1. Some studies included treatment for multiple muscles
  2. ailiolumbar specified as muscle treated