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Table 3 Annual percent change with 95% confidence interval of number of services, total cost, benefits paid, and out-of-pocket cost by manual therapy profession in Australia during 2008–2012 and 2013–2017

From: Service utilisation trends in the manual therapy professions within the Australian private healthcare setting between 2008 and 2017

  Chiropractic Osteopathy Physiotherapy
2008–2012
 Number of services 3.8% (3.8%, 3.9%)* 13.9% (13.8%, 14.0%)* 6.0% (5.9%, 6.0%)*
 Total cost 5.0% (5.0%, 5.0%)* 14.0% (14.0%, 14.0%)* 7.2% (7.2%, 7.2%)*
 Benefits paid 4.8% (4.8%, 4.8%)* 11.8% (11.8%, 11.8%)* 6.8% (6.8%, 6.8%)*
 Out-of-pocket cost 5.1% (5.1%, 5.1%)* 15.8% (15.8%, 15.9%)* 7.6% (7.6%, 7.6%)*
2013–2017
 Number of services −0.8% (− 0.8%, − 0.8%)* 4.2% (4.2%, 4.3%)* 2.8% (2.8%, 2.8%)*
 Total cost 0.5% (0.5%, 0.5%)* 5.3% (5.3%, 5.3%)* 4.4% (4.4%, 4.4%)*
 Benefits paid − 0.3% (− 0.3%, − 0.3%)* 3.2% (3.2%, 3.2%)* 3.4% (3.4%, 3.4%)*
 Out-of-pocket cost 1.3% (1.3%, 1.3%)* 6.7% (6.7%, 6.7%)* 5.4% (5.4%, 5.4%)*
  1. * p < 0.001