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Table 3 Distribution of answers by Danish chiropractic students and postgraduate interns concerning spinal manipulation and adjustments

From: Chiropractic conservatism among chiropractic students in Denmark: prevalence and consequences

Items concerning spinal adjustments Year N Definitely not/ Probably not
n (%) [95%CI]
Don’t know
n (%) [95%CI]
Yes, probably/
Yes, definitely
n (%) [95%CI]
Can spinal adjustments prevent disease in general? 3 36 21 (58) [40–75] 2 (6) [0–19] 13 (36) [21–54]
4 37 24 (65) [48–80] 5 (14) [5–29] 8 (22) [10–38]
5 48 39 (81) [67–91] 5 (10) [3–23] 4 (8) [2–20]
Interns 24 19 (79) [58–93] 3 (12) [3–32] 2 (8) [1–27]
Total 145 103 (71) [63–78] 15 (10) [6–16] 27 (19) [13–26]
Can spinal adjustments help the immune system? 3 36 21 (58) [41–75] 8 (22) [10–39] 7 (19) [8–36]
4 36 24 (67) [49–81] 4 (11) [3–26] 8 (22) [10–39]
5 48 44 (92) [80–98] 3 (6) [1–18] 1 (2) [0–11]
Interns 24 19 (79) [58–93] 3 (12) [3–32] 2 (8) [1–27]
Total 144 108 (75) [67–82] 18 (12) [8–19] 18 (12) [8–19]
Can spinal adjustments improve the health of infants? 3 36 8 (22) [10–39] 6 (17) [6–33] 22 (61) [43–77]
4 37 5 (14) [5–29] 6 (16) [6–32] 26 (70) [53–84]
5 48 14 (29) [17–44] 11 (23) [12–37] 23 (48) [33–63]
Interns 23 4 (17) [5–37] 6 (25) [10–47] 13 (57) [33–74]
Total 144 31 (22) [15–29] 29 (20) [14–27] 84 (58) [49–66]
Can adjustments help the body function at 100% of its capacity? 3 36 7 (19) [8–36] 2 (6) [0–19] 27 (75) [58–88]
4 37 9 (24) [12–41] 2 (5) [0–18] 26 (70) [53–84]
5 48 16 (33) [20–48] 6 (12) [5–25] 26 (54) [39–69]
Interns 24 4 (17) [5–38] 20 (83) [63–95]
Total 145 36 (25) [18–33] 10 (7) [3–12] 99 (68) [60–76]
Can spinal adjustments prevent degeneration of the spine? 3 36 11 (31) [16–48] 8 (22) [10–39] 17 (47) [30–65]
4 36 17 (47) [30–65] 9 (25) [12–42] 10 (28) [14–45]
5 48 31 (65) [49–78] 8 (17) [7–30] 9 (19) [9–33]
Interns 24 16 (67) [45–84] 2 (8) [1–27] 6 (25) [10–47]
Total 144 75 (52) [44–60] 27 (19) [13–26] 42 (29) [22–37]
It is appropriate for every person to receive chiropractic adjustments for their entire life? 3 34 17 (50) [32–68] 6 (18) [7–35] 11 (32) [17–51]
4 37 18 (49) [32–66] 9 (24) [11–41] 10 (27) [14–44]
5 48 38 (79) [65–90] 2 (4) [0–14] 8 (17) [7–30]
Interns 24 19 (79) [58–93] 3 (12) [3–32] 2 (8) [1–27]
Total 143 92 (64) [56–72] 20 (14) [9–21] 31 (22) [15–29]
Items concerning spinal subluxation Year N Highly disagree/ disagree
n (%) [95%CI]
Don’t know
n (%) [95%CI]
Highly agree/
agree
n (%) [95%CI]
Subluxations are the cause of all disease. 3 34 33 (97) [85–100] 1 (3) [0–15]
4 37 36 (97) [86–100] 1 (3) [0–14]
5 48 47 (98) [89–100] 1 (2) [0–11]
Interns 24 24 (100) [86–100]
Total 143 140 (98) [94–100] 2 (1) [0–5] 1 (< 1) [0–4]
Subluxations cause short-circuits of the nervous system. 3 33 24 (73) [54–87] 2 (6) [0–20] 7 (21) [9–39]
4 37 24 (65) [47–80] 5 (14) [5–29] 8 (22) [9–38]
5 48 44 (92) [80–98] 1 (2) [0–11] 3 (6) [1–17]
Interns 24 16 (67) [45–84] 3 (12) [3–32] 5 (21) [7–42]
Total 142 108 (76) [68–83] 11 (8) [4–13] 23 (16) [11–23]
Subluxations can have a negative effect on the capacity of the nervous system to provide energy to tissues and organs. 3 33 12 (36) [20–55] 3 (9) [2–24] 18 (55) [36–72]
4 37 13 (35) [20–52] 9 (24) [11–41] 15 (41) [25–58]
5 48 40 (83) [70–93] 2 (4) [0–14] 6 (12) [5–25]
Interns 24 11 (46) [25–67] 3 (12) [3–32] 10 (42) [22–63]
Total 142 76 (54) [45–62] 17 (12) [7–18] 49 (35) [27–43]
It is possible to detect subluxations before symptoms appear. 3 33 9 (27) [13–46] 6 (18) [7–35] 18 (55) [36–72]
4 36 9 (25) [12–42] 8 (22) [10–39] 19 (53) [35–70]
5 48 26 (54) [39–69] 10 (21) [10–35] 12 (25) [14–40]
Interns 24 7 (29) [13–51] 4 (17) [5–37] 13 (54) [33–74]
Total 141 51 (36) [28–45] 28 (20) [14–27] 62 (44) [36–53]
  1. “Yes, probably”, “Yes, definitely”, “Agree”, and, “Strongly agree” were considered inappropriate answers