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Table 6 Unadjusted associations between level of chiropractic conservatism in chiropractic students and their inability to determine contra-indications, non-indications, or indications to chiropractic treatment (N = 146)

From: Chiropractic conservatism among chiropractic students in Denmark: prevalence and consequences

  Contra-indications Non-indications Indications
Conservatism group CP3, OR[95%CI] LBP3, OR[95%CI] LBP4, OR[95%CI] LBP1, OR[95%CI] PED1, OR[95%CI] PED2, OR[95%CI] CP1, OR[95%CI] CP2, OR[95%CI] LBP2, OR[95%CI]
1 (index) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2.18 (0.68–7.65) 2.11 (0.95–4.83) 1.26 (0.60–2.67) 2.16 (0.67–7.57) 1.53 (0.51–4.68) Too few cases 1.07 (0.44–2.58) 1.58 (0.76–3.32) 0.46 (0.21–0.99)
3 1.6 (0.21–8.26) 1.59 (0.51–5.55) 1.72 (0.57–5.62) 3.87 (0.85–16.83) 3.51 (0.91–12.99) Too few cases 0.48 (0.07–1.97) 1.02 (0.33–3.01) 0.50 (0.14–1.55)
  1. OR = Odds ratio. 95%CI = 95% Confidence intervals. CP3 = Cervical pain and signs of upper motor lesion. LBP3 = Low back pain aggravation after treatment. LBP4 = Low back pain with underlying depression. LBP1 = Mechanical Low back pain. PED1 = Primary prevention of back disorders. PED2 = Primary prevention of diseases . CP1 = Mechanical neck pain. CP2 = Mechanical neck pain with radiation to the trapezius. LBP2 = Recurrent low back pain