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Table 7 Adjusted associations between level of chiropractic conservatism in chiropractic students and their inability to determine contra-indications, non-indications, or indications to chiropractic treatment (N = 146)

From: Chiropractic conservatism among chiropractic students in Denmark: prevalence and consequences

  Contra-indications Non-indications Indications
Conservatism group CP3, OR[95%CI] LBP3, OR[95%CI] LBP4, OR[95%CI] LBP1, OR[95%CI] PED1, OR[95%CI] PED2, OR[95%CI] CP1, OR[95%CI] CP2, OR[95%CI] LBP2, OR[95%CI]
1 (index) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2.33 (0.63–9.15) 1.79 (0.75–4.41) 1.52 (0.67–3.56) 2.82 (0.81–10.83) 1.77 (0.50–6.66) Too few cases 1.51 (0.55–4.20) 1.94 (0.80–4.91) 0.58 (0.25–1.34)
3 2.25 (0.27–14.44) 1.23 (0.36–4.67) 2.05 (0.61–7.44) 4.83 (0.93–25.18) 2.66 (0.57–12.86) Too few cases 0.83 (0.11–4.07) 1.14 (0.30–4.23) 0.61 (0.16–2.06)
  1. OR = Odds ratio. 95%CI = 95% Confidence intervals. CP3 = Cervical pain and signs of upper motor lesion. LBP3 = Low back pain aggravation after treatment. LBP4 = Low back pain with underlying depression. LBP1 = Mechanical Low back pain. PED1 = Primary prevention of back disorders. PED2 = Primary prevention of diseases . CP1 = Mechanical neck pain. CP2 = Mechanical neck pain with radiation to the trapezius. LBP2 = Recurrent low back pain