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  1. In Australia, about 1 in 3 chiropractors choose not to belong to either of the two professional associations and this is considerably lower compared to other health professional organisations in this country. ...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Norman Stomski and Jean Theroux
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:67
  2. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that one of the author names was incorrect.

    Authors: Kelsey L. Lewis and Patrick J. Battaglia
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:66

    The original article was published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:64

  3. Maintenance Care is a traditional chiropractic approach, whereby patients continue treatment after optimum benefit is reached. A review conducted in 1996 concluded that evidence behind this therapeutic strateg...

    Authors: Iben Axén, Lise Hestbaek and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:63

    The Correction to this article has been published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2020 28:11

  4. Back pain is a global problem in terms of disability and financially, with a large burden both to the individual and to society. Back pain was previously believed to be uncommon in children. However, there is ...

    Authors: Amber M Beynon, Jeffrey J Hebert, Charlotte Lebouef-Yde and Bruce F Walker
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:61
  5. The one-month prevalence of back pain in children and adolescents has been reported at 33, 28 and 48% at ages 9, 13 and 15 respectively. There are many suspected risk factors and triggers of back pain in young...

    Authors: Amber M Beynon, Jeffrey J Hebert, Charlotte Lebouef-Yde and Bruce F Walker
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:58
  6. Low back pain is a burden worldwide and biological, psychological, and social mechanisms play a role in its development and persistence. Current guidelines support care using the biopsychosocial model. However...

    Authors: Kelsey L. Lewis and Patrick J. Battaglia
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:64

    The Correction to this article has been published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:66

  7. Pelvic girdle pain is a common problem during pregnancy and postpartum with significant personal and societal impact and costs. Studies examining the effectiveness of interventions for pelvic girdle pain measu...

    Authors: Francesca Wuytack and Maggie O’Donovan
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:62
  8. Accreditation of educational programs involves an independent agency assessing quality against a set of defined standards. Site inspection teams are appointed by an accrediting agency and compile a report with...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Bruce F. Walker
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:49
  9. Low back pain (LBP) is prevalent, costly and disabling. A biopsychosocial treatment approach involving physical and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is recommended for those with chronic LBP. It is not know...

    Authors: M. John Petrozzi, Andrew Leaver, Paulo H. Ferreira, Sidney M. Rubinstein, Mairwen K. Jones and Martin G. Mackey
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:54
  10. To determine whether a discrepancy exists in identifying three musculoskeletal landmarks (medial meniscus, lateral malleolus and lateral epicondyle of the humerus) and whether ultrasound-guided (US-guided) pal...

    Authors: John Chinsuk Cho and Kenneth Reckelhoff
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:47
  11. The literature supports the effectiveness of self-management support (SMS) to improve health outcomes of patients with chronic spine pain. However, patient engagement in SMS programs is suboptimal. The objecti...

    Authors: Owis Eilayyan, Aliki Thomas, Marie-Christine Hallé, Sara Ahmed, Anthony C. Tibbles, Craig Jacobs, Silvano Mior, Connie Davis, Roni Evans, Michael J. Schneider, Heather Owens, Fadi Al Zoubi, Jan Barnsley, Cynthia R. Long and Andre Bussières
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:44
  12. The European Council on Chiropractic Education (ECCE) is currently the only chiropractic specific accrediting body in the world to include students as equal members on Council and accreditation evaluation team...

    Authors: Cynthia Peterson, Joyce Miller, B. Kim Humphreys and Ken Vall
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:53
  13. Inactivity and sedentary lifestyle have led experts to recommend an increase in structured, workplace-based physical activity (PA) initiatives. Previous studies on workplace-based PA have only shown moderate a...

    Authors: Anne Garne-Dalgaard, Stephanie Mann, Thomas Viskum Gjelstrup Bredahl and Mette Jensen Stochkendahl
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:48
  14. Clinicians nominate the distribution of leg pain as being important in diagnosing nerve root involvement. This study aimed to identify: (i) common unisegmental radicular pain patterns and whether they were der...

    Authors: Hanne B. Albert, Jeanette Kaae Hansen, Helle Søgaard and Peter Kent
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:50
  15. A recent hypothesis purports that spinal manipulation may cause changes at a brain level. Functional Neurology, a mainly chiropractic approach, promotes the use of spinal manipulation to improve ‘brain functio...

    Authors: Anne-Laure Meyer, Michel-Ange Amorim, Martin Schubert, Petra Schweinhardt and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:60
  16. Headache is the most common neurological symptoms worldwide, as over 90% of people have noted at least one headache during their lifetime. Tension-type headaches, cervicogenic headaches, and migraines are comm...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Pourahmadi, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Abbasali Keshtkar, Bart W. Koes, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Jan Dommerholt and Mehrdad Bahramian
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:43
  17. The process of developing patient management plans requires a series of clinical decision-making skills that can take years in practice to develop. For the inexperienced practitioner, providing a logical, syst...

    Authors: Michael Hobbs, Dirk Crafford, Katherine MacRae, Anneliese Hulme, Stephney Whillier and Hazel Jenkins
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:55
  18. Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare condition usually secondary to trauma and coagulopathy. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of a patient with an iatrogenic hypercoaguable state performin...

    Authors: Jesse Cooper, Patrick Battaglia and Todd Reiter
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:41
  19. The aim of this study was to report on key informant opinions of Councils on Chiropractic Education (CCE) regarding recent research findings reporting on improving accreditation standards and processes for chi...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Vicki Cope, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Bruce F. Walker
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:57
  20. This is the second article reporting on a study that sought the views of people with extensive experience in Councils on Chiropractic Education (CCEs) on research that has raised concerns about variability in ...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Vicki Cope, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Bruce F. Walker
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:56
  21. Patient-centred care is internationally recognized as a foundation of quality patient care. Attitudes of students towards patient-centred care have been assessed in various health professions. However, little ...

    Authors: Karin Hammerich, Kent Stuber, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Anser Abbas, Martin Harris, Henrik Hein Lauridsen, Nadège Lemeunier, Michele Maiers, Peter McCarthy, Vanessa Morales, Corrie Myburgh, Vanessa Petrini, Katherine Pohlman and Silvano Mior
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:46
  22. At the crux of patient centred care is Shared Decision Making (SDM), which benefits patient and practitioner. Despite external pressures, studies indicate that SDM remains poorly practised across a variety of ...

    Authors: Dévan Rajendran, Jane Beazley and Philip Bright
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:42
  23. Muscle energy techniques are applied to reduce pain and increase range of motion. These are applied to a variety of pathological conditions and on asymptomatic subjects. There is however limited knowledge on t...

    Authors: Ewan Thomas, Antonio Rosario Cavallaro, Diba Mani, Antonino Bianco and Antonio Palma
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:35
  24. Headache is one of the most common pain symptoms in childhood having a negative impact on many aspects of the lives of affected children, both short-term and long-term. Therefore, it is important to document s...

    Authors: Susanne Lynge, Jan Hartvigsen, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Werner Vach and Lise Hestbaek
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:40
  25. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an increasingly prevalent respiratory disease that impacts on daily living. In addition to difficulty breathing, many people experience extrapulmonary comorbidit...

    Authors: Danielle A. Baxter, Johannah L. Shergis, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy and Meaghan E. Coyle
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:37
  26. There is insufficient evidence regarding psychosocial factors and its long-term association with persistent pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. The overall aim of this study was to investigate women with persi...

    Authors: Cecilia Bergström, Margareta Persson and Ingrid Mogren
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:34
  27. Investigations into the possible associations between early in life motor function and later in life musculoskeletal health, will require easily obtainable, valid, and reliable measures of gross motor function...

    Authors: Steen Harsted, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Lise Hestbæk, Eleanor Boyle and Henrik Hein Lauridsen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:39
  28. The diagnosis of primary headaches assists health care providers in their decision-making regarding patient treatment, co-management and further evaluation. Chiropractors are popular health care providers for ...

    Authors: Craig Moore, Andrew Leaver, David Sibbritt and Jon Adams
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:33
  29. The world is faced with a chronic shortage of health workers, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated a global shortage of 7.2 million health workers resulting in large gaps in service provision ...

    Authors: Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Mana Rezai, Paola Torres, Deborah Sutton, Peter Tuchin, Richard Brown and Pierre Côté
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:36
  30. Feasibility and pilot studies are recommended prior to embarking on large-scale costly confirmatory trials. The objectives were to determine the feasibility of conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial ...

    Authors: Prakash Dhopte, Simon D. French, Jeffrey A. Quon, Heather Owens and André Bussières
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:31
  31. Musculoskeletal injuries are one of the most prevalent battle and non-battle related injuries in the active duty military. In some countries, chiropractic services are accessed to manage such injuries within a...

    Authors: Silvano Mior, Deborah Sutton, Carolina Cancelliere, Simon French, Anne Taylor-Vaisey and Pierre Côté
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:45
  32. Clinical education forms a substantial component of health professional education. Increased cohorts in Australian osteopathic education have led to consideration of alternatives to traditional placements to e...

    Authors: Kylie M. Fitzgerald, Tracy Denning, Brett R. Vaughan, Michael J. Fleischmann and Brian C. Jolly
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:38
  33. In 2011, World Spine Care (WSC) opened their pilot clinic at the Botswana Mahalapye District Hospital (MDH) aiming to develop a low-cost model of evidence-based spine care for underserved communities. Providin...

    Authors: Mufudzi Chihambakwe, Laura O’Connor, Penelope M. Orton and Maria A. Hondras
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:28
  34. Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) leads to diminished blood flow to the spinal nerves causing neurogenic claudication and impaired walking ability. Animal studies have demonstrated increased blood flow to the spina...

    Authors: Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Y. Raja Rampersaud, Danielle Southerst, Michael Schneider, Aksa Ahmed, Claire Bombardier, Gillian Hawker and Brian Budgell
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:24
  35. A crisis confronts the Complementary and Integrative Health (CIH) teaching institutions in the US. Research infrastructure is needed to build and sustain productive research programs and retain their own resea...

    Authors: Ian D. Coulter and Patricia M. Herman
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:32
  36. Manual therapy is a commonly used treatment for patients with back and neck pain. Studies have shown that manual therapy-related adverse events are mainly short in duration and mild or moderate by their intens...

    Authors: Vesa Tabell, Ina M. Tarkka, Lena W. Holm and Eva Skillgate
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:27
  37. The effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for improving athletic performance in healthy athletes is unclear. Assessing the effect of SMT on other performance outcomes in asymptomatic populations m...

    Authors: Melissa Corso, Silvano A. Mior, Sarah Batley, Taylor Tuff, Sophia da Silva-Oolup, Scott Howitt and John Srbely
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:25
  38. The World Health Organization (WHO), in its “Rehabilitation 2030 A Call for Action”, identified the need to strengthen rehabilitation in health systems to meet the growing demands of current and future populat...

    Authors: Pierre Côté, Deborah Sutton, Richard Nicol, Richard Brown and Silvano Mior
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:29
  39. The burden of musculoskeletal disorders increases every year, with low back and neck pain being the most frequently reported conditions for seeking manual therapy treatment. In recent years, manual therapy res...

    Authors: Mégane Pasquier, Catherine Daneau, Andrée-Anne Marchand, Arnaud Lardon and Martin Descarreaux
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:23
  40. Low back pain (LBP) is a common disabling condition in older adults which often limits physical function and diminishes quality of life. Two clinical trials in older adults have shown spinal manipulative thera...

    Authors: Craig Schulz, Roni Evans, Michele Maiers, Karen Schulz, Brent Leininger and Gert Bronfort
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:21
  41. Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. There is little consensus on the etiology, but one explanatory model suggests that PFPS can be caused by referred pain. Neurodynamic te...

    Authors: Kristine Vegstein, Hilde Stendal Robinson and Roar Jensen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:26
  42. The Commission of the European Communities has published guidelines to be used as a gold standard for quality assessment of diagnostic radiographic images. Image quality and radiation dose must be monitored an...

    Authors: Klaus Doktor, Maria Lind Vilholm, Aldis Hardardóttir, Henrik Wulff Christensen and Jens Lauritsen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:20
  43. Spinal manipulation (SM) has been shown in a systematic review to have a statistically significant effect on the pressure pain threshold (PPT) in asymptomatic subjects, when SM is compared to a sham interventi...

    Authors: Margaux Honoré, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Olivier Gagey and Niels Wedderkopp
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:22
  44. Approximately 60% of people with low back pain also have associated leg pain symptoms. Guidelines for low back pain recommend non-pharmacological approaches, including spinal manipulation - a therapy provided ...

    Authors: Matthew Fernandez, Craig Moore, Wenbo Peng, Katie de Luca, Katherine A. Pohlman, Michael Swain and Jon Adams
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:19
  45. The chiropractic profession both in the past and presently has diverse opinions concerning different health care approaches and the science or otherwise that underpins them. Previous research has reported that...

    Authors: Halldór Fannar Gíslason, Jari Kullervo Salminen, Linn Sandhaugen, Andreas Stenseth Storbråten, Renske Versloot, Inger Roug and Dave Newell
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:16
  46. Recent studies have shown that psychological factors, attitudes and beliefs impact on the quality of chiropractic student clinical decisions. This association has not been studied among qualified chiropractors...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Bruce F. Walker
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:15
  47. Chronic migraine is a largely refractory condition affecting between 1 and 2.2% of the overall population worldwide, with females more affected than males. There are also high health and socioeconomic costs as...

    Authors: Jim Odell, Carol Clark, Adrian Hunnisett, Osman Hassan Ahmed and Jonathan Branney
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2019 27:11