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  1. Content type: Research

    Clinical reasoning has been described as a process that draws heavily on the knowledge, skills and attributes that are particular to each health profession. However, the clinical reasoning processes of practit...

    Authors: Sandra Grace, Paul Orrock, Brett Vaughan, Raymond Blaich and Rosanne Coutts

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:6

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  2. Content type: Reviews

    Musculoskeletal disorders of the elbow, forearm, wrist and hand are associated with pain, functional impairment and decreased productivity in the general population. Combining several interventions in a multim...

    Authors: Deborah Sutton, Douglas P. Gross, Pierre Côté, Kristi Randhawa, Hainan Yu, Jessica J. Wong, Paula Stern, Sharanya Varatharajan, Danielle Southerst, Heather M. Shearer, Maja Stupar, Rachel Goldgrub, Gabrielle van der Velde, Margareta Nordin, Linda J. Carroll and Anne Taylor-Vaisey

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:8

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  3. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editor of Chiropractic & Manual Therapies would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 23 (2015).

    Authors: Bruce F. Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:10

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  4. Content type: Research

    Job stress and emotional exhaustion have been shown to have a negative impact on the helping professional. The development and causal relations of job stress and emotional exhaustion are rather unclear in the ...

    Authors: Shawn Williams

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:2

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  5. Content type: Research

    It has been proposed that an episode of low back pain (LBP) be defined as: “a period of pain in the lower back lasting for more than 24 h preceded and followed by a period of at least 1 month without LBP”. Pre...

    Authors: Andreas Eklund, Irene Jensen, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Iben Axén

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:3

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  6. Content type: Research

    Pregnancy related low back pain (PLBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) are considered common complications of pregnancy. The long-term consequences for women with persistent PLBP/PGP postpartum are under-investig...

    Authors: Cecilia Bergström, Margareta Persson and Ingrid Mogren

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:7

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Complaints in the musculoskeletal system often start early in life and back and neck pain in children are well-established predictors for similar problems in adulthood. Despite lack of evidence of effectivenes...

    Authors: Kristina Boe Dissing, Jan Hartvigsen, Niels Wedderkopp and Lise Hestbæk

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:5

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  8. Content type: Case report

    The objective of this paper is to describe the relationship of the vertebral artery (VA) to the Atlas (C1) in the sub-occipital region in the presence of arcuate foramen; and discuss the clinical implications ...

    Authors: Salman Afsharpour, Kathryn T. Hoiriis, R. Bruce Fox and Samuel Demons

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:4

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  9. Content type: Systematic review

    Councils of Chiropractic Education (CCE) indirectly influence patient care and safety through their role of ensuring the standards of training delivered by chiropractic educational institutions. This is achiev...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Bruce F. Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:1

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Various interventions are available for the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP), including Manual Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the addi...

    Authors: M. John Petrozzi, Andrew Leaver, Mairwen K. Jones, Paulo H. Ferreira, Sidney M. Rubinstein and Martin G. Mackey

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:35

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  11. Content type: Research

    The association between cervical lordosis (sagittal alignment) and neck pain is controversial. Further, it is unclear whether spinal manipulative therapy can change cervical lordosis. This study aimed to deter...

    Authors: Michael Shilton, Jonathan Branney, Bas Penning de Vries and Alan C. Breen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:33

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  12. Content type: Research

    While there have been investigations into the reduced neck injury rate of wearing protective helmets, there is little information on its effects on normal kinaesthetic neck function. This study aims to quantif...

    Authors: Peter W. McCarthy, Phillip J. Hume, Andrew I. Heusch and Sally D. Lark

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:32

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  13. Content type: Review

    Musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) has been growing outside the traditional radiology speciality. Increased use of this technology has been reported in several healthcare settings, howeve...

    Authors: Rogan E A Henderson, Bruce F. Walker and Kenneth J. Young

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:31

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  14. Content type: Systematic review

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the upper and lower extremities are common in the general population and place a significant burden on the health care system. Manual therapy is recommended by clinical prac...

    Authors: Danielle Southerst, Hainan Yu, Kristi Randhawa, Pierre Côté, Kevin D’Angelo, Heather M. Shearer, Jessica J. Wong, Deborah Sutton, Sharanya Varatharajan, Rachel Goldgrub, Sarah Dion, Jocelyn Cox, Roger Menta, Courtney K. Brown, Paula J. Stern, Maja Stupar…

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:30

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  15. Content type: Research

    Lumbar segmental instability is often considered to be a cause of chronic low back pain. However, defining its measurement has been largely limited to laboratory studies. These have characterised segmental sta...

    Authors: Alexander C Breen, Mihai Dupac and Neil Osborne

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:28

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  16. Content type: Research

    The chiropractic profession has been well established in Denmark for several decades with state authorization, partial reimbursement by the state and a formal academic education. Biennial systematic data colle...

    Authors: Orla Lund Nielsen, Alice Kongsted and Henrik Wulff Christensen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:27

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  17. Content type: Research

    No previous clinical trials have investigated MRI findings as effect modifiers for conservative treatment of low back pain. This hypothesis-setting study investigated if MRI findings modified response to rest ...

    Authors: Rikke K. Jensen, Peter Kent and Mark Hancock

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:26

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  18. Content type: Research

    High-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation is commonly used in the treatment of spinal pain syndromes. The mechanisms by which HVLA-manipulation might reduce spinal pain are not well understood, bu...

    Authors: Søren O’Neill, Øystein Ødegaard-Olsen and Beate Søvde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:25

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  19. Content type: Research

    Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine condition. There is evidence to suggest that, for a proportion of sufferers, the standard medical treatment does not completely reverse the constitutional and neuropsychiat...

    Authors: Benjamin T. Brown, Petra L. Graham, Rod Bonello and Henry Pollard

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:24

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  20. Content type: Research

    Trivial pain or minor soreness commonly follows neck manipulation and has been estimated at one in three treatments. In addition, rare catastrophic events can occur. Some of these incidents have been ascribed ...

    Authors: Peter D Chapman, Norman J Stomski, Barrett Losco and Bruce F Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:23

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  21. Content type: Systematic review

    Back pain is a common condition during childhood and adolescence. The causes of back pain are largely unknown but it seems plausible that some physical factors such as back muscle strength, back muscle enduran...

    Authors: Arnaud Lardon, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Christine Le Scanff

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:21

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  22. Content type: Methodology

    Recognition of homogeneous subgroups of patients can usefully improve prediction of their outcomes and the targeting of treatment. There are a number of research approaches that have been used to recognise hom...

    Authors: Peter Kent, Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Henrik Wulff Christensen and Alice Kongsted

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:20

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  23. Content type: Research

    There is controversy surrounding the risk of manipulation, which is often used by chiropractors, with respect to its association with vertebrobasilar artery system (VBA) stroke. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Thomas M Kosloff, David Elton, Jiang Tao and Wade M Bannister

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:19

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  24. Content type: Research

    Prone lying knee flexion (PLKF) is one of the clinical tests used for assessment of the lumbo-pelvic movement pattern. Considerable increase in lumbar lordosis during this test has been considered as impairmen...

    Authors: Amir M Arab, Ailin Talimkhani, Noureddin Karimi and Fetemeh Ehsani

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:18

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  25. Content type: Research

    Chiropractors are frequent providers of care for patients with lower back pain. Biopsychosocial approaches to managing patients are regarded as best practice and are gaining wider acceptance. Recent evidence s...

    Authors: Stanley I Innes, Peter D Werth, Peter J Tuchin and Petra L Graham

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:17

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  26. Content type: Research

    Evidence based practice (EBP) is being increasingly utilized by health care professionals as a means of improving the quality of health care. The introduction of EBP principles into the chiropractic profession...

    Authors: Michael J Schneider, Roni Evans, Mitchell Haas, Matthew Leach, Cheryl Hawk, Cynthia Long, Gregory D Cramer, Oakland Walters, Corrie Vihstadt and Lauren Terhorst

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:16

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  27. Content type: Research

    Ultrasound is frequently used to measure activity in the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM). However previous reliability studies on diagnostic ultrasound and LMM have included a limited number of subjects and few...

    Authors: Eirik Johan Skeie, Jan Arve Borge, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Jenni Bolton and Niels Wedderkopp

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:15

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  28. Content type: Systematic review

    Several clinical tests have been proposed on low back pain (LBP), but their usefulness in detecting lumbar instability is not yet clear. The objective of this literature review was to investigate the clinical ...

    Authors: Silvano Ferrari, Tiziana Manni, Francesca Bonetti, Jorge Hugo Villafañe and Carla Vanti

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:14

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  29. Content type: Commentary

    Chiropractic is a popular health care choice in Australia and yet major gaps in our empirical understanding of this area of practice remain. Furthermore, while some research excellence exists, a largely uncoor...

    Authors: Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Sungwon Chang and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:12

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  30. Content type: Review

    There is a strong tradition of performing a clinical examination of low back pain (LBP) patients and this is generally recommended in guidelines. However, establishing a pathoanatomic diagnosis does not seem p...

    Authors: Lisbeth Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted and Lise Hestbaek

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:13

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  31. Content type: Methodology

    Musculoskeletal diseases are the most common causes of long-term pain and disability worldwide and a growing international public health concern. However, the everyday burden and impact of musculoskeletal cond...

    Authors: Maria Hondras, Corrie Myburgh, Jan Hartvigsen, Scott Haldeman and Helle Johannessen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:11

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  32. Content type: Research

    With increasing morbidity and mortality attributable to non-communicable disease, primary healthcare providers are urged to increasingly support people in making healthy lifestyle choices. Many chronic physica...

    Authors: Patricia E Fikar, Kent A Edlund and Dave Newell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:10

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  33. Content type: Research

    Evaluation of patients’ experience of their osteopathic treatment has recently been investigated leading to the development of the Patient Perception Measure – Osteopathy (PPM-O). The aim of the study was to i...

    Authors: Jane Mulcahy and Brett Vaughan

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:6

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  34. Content type: Review

    Practitioners in several of the health care professions use anatomical landmarks to identify spinal levels, both in order to enhance diagnostic accuracy and to specifically target the site of intervention. Aut...

    Authors: Robert Cooperstein, Michael Haneline and Morgan Young

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:7

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  35. Content type: Research

    Diagnostic coding has several potential benefits, including improving the feasibility of data collection for research and clinical audits and providing a common language to improve interdisciplinary collaborat...

    Authors: Cecilie D Testern, Lise Hestbæk and Simon D French

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:8

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  36. Content type: Research

    There are few known studies investigating the correlation of symptomatology with the specific subtypes of cervical spine degenerative joint disease demonstrated on radiograph. The aim of this study was to asse...

    Authors: Iris Sun Rudy, Alexandra Poulos, Laura Owen, Ashlee Batters, Kasia Kieliszek, Jessica Willox and Hazel Jenkins

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:9

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  37. Content type: Research

    The literature pertaining to chiropractic students’ opinions with respect to the desired future status of the chiropractic physician is limited and is an appropriate topic worthy of study. A previous pilot stu...

    Authors: Jordan A Gliedt, Cheryl Hawk, Michelle Anderson, Kashif Ahmad, Dinah Bunn, Jerrilyn Cambron, Brian Gleberzon, John Hart, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Stephen M Perle, Michael Ramcharan, Stephanie Sullivan and Liang Zhang

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:4

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  38. Content type: Research

    UK morbidity and mortality rates from skin cancer are increasing despite existing preventative strategies involving education and early detection. Manual therapists are ideally placed to support these goals as...

    Authors: Sara Glithro, David Newell, Lorna Burrows, Adrian Hunnisett and Christina Cunliffe

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:5

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  39. Content type: Research

    Not enough is understood about patients’ views of chiropractic care. The aims of this research were to explore patients’ experiences and expectations, their perceptions of benefits and risks, and the implicati...

    Authors: Hugh MacPherson, Elizabeth Newbronner, Ruth Chamberlain and Ann Hopton

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:3

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  40. Content type: Research

    The most utilized soccer kicking method is the instep kicking technique. Decreased motion in spinal joint segments results in adverse biomechanical changes within in the kinematic chain. These changes may be l...

    Authors: Kyle Colin Deutschmann, Andrew Douglas Jones and Charmaine Maria Korporaal

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:1

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  41. Content type: Research

    Temporomandibular disorder (TDM) is the most common source of orofacial pain of a non-dental origin. Sleep bruxism is characterized by clenching and/or grinding the teeth during sleep and is involved in the pe...

    Authors: Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Yasmin El Hage, Ana Paula Amaral, Fabiano Politti and Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:43

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  42. Content type: Research

    Informed consent documents (ICD) in research are designed to educate research participants about the nature of the research project in which he or she may participate. United States (US) law requires the docum...

    Authors: Elissa Twist, Dana J Lawrence, Stacie A Salsbury and Cheryl Hawk

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:40

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  43. Content type: Research

    The chiropractic profession in Norway has increased five-fold in the last two decades. As there is no academic graduate program in Norway, all chiropractors have been trained outside of Norway, in either Europ...

    Authors: Ole C Kvammen and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:44

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  44. Content type: Research

    Chiropractic care is a complex health intervention composed of both treatment effects and non-specific, or placebo, effects. While doctor-patient interactions are a component of the non-specific effects of chi...

    Authors: Stacie A Salsbury, James W DeVocht, Maria A Hondras, Michael B Seidman, Clark M Stanford and Christine M Goertz

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:42

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  45. Content type: Research

    The founder of chiropractic, Daniel David Palmer, constructed a model of causation of disease based on his seminal experience with a patient, Harvey Lillard, who lost his hearing at the instant of injuring his...

    Authors: Mark Demers, Zehra Gajic, Everett Gerretsen and Brian Budgell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:39

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  46. Content type: Research

    Back pain is reported to occur already in childhood, but its development at that age is not well understood. The aims of this study were to describe BP in children aged 6-12 years, and to investigate any sex a...

    Authors: Claudia Franz, Niels Wedderkopp, Eva Jespersen, Christina T Rexen and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:35

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