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  1. Content type: Research

    Lumbar segmental instability is often considered to be a cause of chronic low back pain. However, defining its measurement has been largely limited to laboratory studies. These have characterised segmental sta...

    Authors: Alexander C Breen, Mihai Dupac and Neil Osborne

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:28

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  2. Content type: Research

    The chiropractic profession has been well established in Denmark for several decades with state authorization, partial reimbursement by the state and a formal academic education. Biennial systematic data colle...

    Authors: Orla Lund Nielsen, Alice Kongsted and Henrik Wulff Christensen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:27

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  3. Content type: Research

    No previous clinical trials have investigated MRI findings as effect modifiers for conservative treatment of low back pain. This hypothesis-setting study investigated if MRI findings modified response to rest ...

    Authors: Rikke K. Jensen, Peter Kent and Mark Hancock

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:26

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  4. Content type: Research

    High-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation is commonly used in the treatment of spinal pain syndromes. The mechanisms by which HVLA-manipulation might reduce spinal pain are not well understood, bu...

    Authors: Søren O’Neill, Øystein Ødegaard-Olsen and Beate Søvde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:25

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  5. Content type: Research

    Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine condition. There is evidence to suggest that, for a proportion of sufferers, the standard medical treatment does not completely reverse the constitutional and neuropsychiat...

    Authors: Benjamin T. Brown, Petra L. Graham, Rod Bonello and Henry Pollard

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:24

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  6. Content type: Research

    Trivial pain or minor soreness commonly follows neck manipulation and has been estimated at one in three treatments. In addition, rare catastrophic events can occur. Some of these incidents have been ascribed ...

    Authors: Peter D Chapman, Norman J Stomski, Barrett Losco and Bruce F Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:23

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  7. Content type: Systematic review

    Back pain is a common condition during childhood and adolescence. The causes of back pain are largely unknown but it seems plausible that some physical factors such as back muscle strength, back muscle enduran...

    Authors: Arnaud Lardon, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Christine Le Scanff

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:21

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  8. Content type: Methodology

    Recognition of homogeneous subgroups of patients can usefully improve prediction of their outcomes and the targeting of treatment. There are a number of research approaches that have been used to recognise hom...

    Authors: Peter Kent, Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Henrik Wulff Christensen and Alice Kongsted

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:20

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  9. Content type: Research

    There is controversy surrounding the risk of manipulation, which is often used by chiropractors, with respect to its association with vertebrobasilar artery system (VBA) stroke. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Thomas M Kosloff, David Elton, Jiang Tao and Wade M Bannister

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:19

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  10. Content type: Research

    Prone lying knee flexion (PLKF) is one of the clinical tests used for assessment of the lumbo-pelvic movement pattern. Considerable increase in lumbar lordosis during this test has been considered as impairmen...

    Authors: Amir M Arab, Ailin Talimkhani, Noureddin Karimi and Fetemeh Ehsani

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:18

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  11. Content type: Research

    Chiropractors are frequent providers of care for patients with lower back pain. Biopsychosocial approaches to managing patients are regarded as best practice and are gaining wider acceptance. Recent evidence s...

    Authors: Stanley I Innes, Peter D Werth, Peter J Tuchin and Petra L Graham

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:17

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  12. Content type: Research

    Evidence based practice (EBP) is being increasingly utilized by health care professionals as a means of improving the quality of health care. The introduction of EBP principles into the chiropractic profession...

    Authors: Michael J Schneider, Roni Evans, Mitchell Haas, Matthew Leach, Cheryl Hawk, Cynthia Long, Gregory D Cramer, Oakland Walters, Corrie Vihstadt and Lauren Terhorst

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:16

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  13. Content type: Research

    Ultrasound is frequently used to measure activity in the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM). However previous reliability studies on diagnostic ultrasound and LMM have included a limited number of subjects and few...

    Authors: Eirik Johan Skeie, Jan Arve Borge, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Jenni Bolton and Niels Wedderkopp

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:15

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  14. Content type: Systematic review

    Several clinical tests have been proposed on low back pain (LBP), but their usefulness in detecting lumbar instability is not yet clear. The objective of this literature review was to investigate the clinical ...

    Authors: Silvano Ferrari, Tiziana Manni, Francesca Bonetti, Jorge Hugo Villafañe and Carla Vanti

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:14

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    Chiropractic is a popular health care choice in Australia and yet major gaps in our empirical understanding of this area of practice remain. Furthermore, while some research excellence exists, a largely uncoor...

    Authors: Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Sungwon Chang and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:12

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  16. Content type: Review

    There is a strong tradition of performing a clinical examination of low back pain (LBP) patients and this is generally recommended in guidelines. However, establishing a pathoanatomic diagnosis does not seem p...

    Authors: Lisbeth Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted and Lise Hestbaek

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:13

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  17. Content type: Methodology

    Musculoskeletal diseases are the most common causes of long-term pain and disability worldwide and a growing international public health concern. However, the everyday burden and impact of musculoskeletal cond...

    Authors: Maria Hondras, Corrie Myburgh, Jan Hartvigsen, Scott Haldeman and Helle Johannessen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:11

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  18. Content type: Research

    With increasing morbidity and mortality attributable to non-communicable disease, primary healthcare providers are urged to increasingly support people in making healthy lifestyle choices. Many chronic physica...

    Authors: Patricia E Fikar, Kent A Edlund and Dave Newell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:10

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  19. Content type: Research

    Evaluation of patients’ experience of their osteopathic treatment has recently been investigated leading to the development of the Patient Perception Measure – Osteopathy (PPM-O). The aim of the study was to i...

    Authors: Jane Mulcahy and Brett Vaughan

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:6

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  20. Content type: Review

    Practitioners in several of the health care professions use anatomical landmarks to identify spinal levels, both in order to enhance diagnostic accuracy and to specifically target the site of intervention. Aut...

    Authors: Robert Cooperstein, Michael Haneline and Morgan Young

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:7

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  21. Content type: Research

    Diagnostic coding has several potential benefits, including improving the feasibility of data collection for research and clinical audits and providing a common language to improve interdisciplinary collaborat...

    Authors: Cecilie D Testern, Lise Hestbæk and Simon D French

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:8

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  22. Content type: Research

    There are few known studies investigating the correlation of symptomatology with the specific subtypes of cervical spine degenerative joint disease demonstrated on radiograph. The aim of this study was to asse...

    Authors: Iris Sun Rudy, Alexandra Poulos, Laura Owen, Ashlee Batters, Kasia Kieliszek, Jessica Willox and Hazel Jenkins

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:9

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  23. Content type: Research

    The literature pertaining to chiropractic students’ opinions with respect to the desired future status of the chiropractic physician is limited and is an appropriate topic worthy of study. A previous pilot stu...

    Authors: Jordan A Gliedt, Cheryl Hawk, Michelle Anderson, Kashif Ahmad, Dinah Bunn, Jerrilyn Cambron, Brian Gleberzon, John Hart, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Stephen M Perle, Michael Ramcharan, Stephanie Sullivan and Liang Zhang

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:4

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  24. Content type: Research

    UK morbidity and mortality rates from skin cancer are increasing despite existing preventative strategies involving education and early detection. Manual therapists are ideally placed to support these goals as...

    Authors: Sara Glithro, David Newell, Lorna Burrows, Adrian Hunnisett and Christina Cunliffe

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:5

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  25. Content type: Research

    Not enough is understood about patients’ views of chiropractic care. The aims of this research were to explore patients’ experiences and expectations, their perceptions of benefits and risks, and the implicati...

    Authors: Hugh MacPherson, Elizabeth Newbronner, Ruth Chamberlain and Ann Hopton

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:3

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  26. Content type: Research

    The most utilized soccer kicking method is the instep kicking technique. Decreased motion in spinal joint segments results in adverse biomechanical changes within in the kinematic chain. These changes may be l...

    Authors: Kyle Colin Deutschmann, Andrew Douglas Jones and Charmaine Maria Korporaal

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:1

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  27. Content type: Research

    Temporomandibular disorder (TDM) is the most common source of orofacial pain of a non-dental origin. Sleep bruxism is characterized by clenching and/or grinding the teeth during sleep and is involved in the pe...

    Authors: Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Yasmin El Hage, Ana Paula Amaral, Fabiano Politti and Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:43

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  28. Content type: Research

    Informed consent documents (ICD) in research are designed to educate research participants about the nature of the research project in which he or she may participate. United States (US) law requires the docum...

    Authors: Elissa Twist, Dana J Lawrence, Stacie A Salsbury and Cheryl Hawk

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:40

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  29. Content type: Research

    The chiropractic profession in Norway has increased five-fold in the last two decades. As there is no academic graduate program in Norway, all chiropractors have been trained outside of Norway, in either Europ...

    Authors: Ole C Kvammen and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:44

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  30. Content type: Research

    Chiropractic care is a complex health intervention composed of both treatment effects and non-specific, or placebo, effects. While doctor-patient interactions are a component of the non-specific effects of chi...

    Authors: Stacie A Salsbury, James W DeVocht, Maria A Hondras, Michael B Seidman, Clark M Stanford and Christine M Goertz

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:42

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  31. Content type: Research

    The founder of chiropractic, Daniel David Palmer, constructed a model of causation of disease based on his seminal experience with a patient, Harvey Lillard, who lost his hearing at the instant of injuring his...

    Authors: Mark Demers, Zehra Gajic, Everett Gerretsen and Brian Budgell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:39

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  32. Content type: Research

    Spinal Manipulative Therapy (SMT) and Active Exercise Therapy (AET) have both demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Chronic Lower Back Pain (CLBP). A Clinical Prediction Rule (CPR) for responsiveness to SM...

    Authors: Paul E Dougherty, Jurgis Karuza, Dorian Savino and Paul Katz

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:41

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  33. Content type: Research

    Back pain is reported to occur already in childhood, but its development at that age is not well understood. The aims of this study were to describe BP in children aged 6-12 years, and to investigate any sex a...

    Authors: Claudia Franz, Niels Wedderkopp, Eva Jespersen, Christina T Rexen and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:35

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  34. Content type: Research

    Adverse events are commonly observed in all parts of health care and have been reported extensively following manual therapy, including chiropractic. The majority of reported adverse events following chiroprac...

    Authors: Jørgen Jevne, Jan Hartvigsen and Henrik Wulff Christensen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:37

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  35. Content type: Review

    In 2004, the WHO Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation Task Force published the first large systematic review and best evidence synthesis on the clinical course and pr...

    Authors: James Donovan, Carol Cancelliere and J David Cassidy

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:38

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  36. Content type: Debate

    Chiropractic technique systems have been historically documented to advocate overutilization of radiography. Various rationales for this have been explored in the literature. However, little consideration has ...

    Authors: Kenneth John Young

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:36

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  37. Content type: Research

    There are several chiropractic spinal manipulative technique systems. However, there is limited research differentiating the efficacy of these techniques. Additionally, chiropractors may also use ancillary pro...

    Authors: Mattijs Clijsters, Francesco Fronzoni and Hazel Jenkins

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:33

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  38. Content type: Research

    The use of patient-reported questionnaires to collect information on costs associated with routine healthcare services, such as chiropractic, represents a less labour intensive alternative to retrieving these ...

    Authors: Taco Houweling, Jennifer Bolton and David Newell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:32

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Postural control problems effect between 28% and 35% of individuals over the age 65 and increases with age. Musculoskeletal pain in the elderly impacts 20% to 49% of people between the ages of 65 and 75, is a ...

    Authors: Dennis E Enix, Kasey L Sudkamp, Theodore K Malmstrom and Joseph H Flaherty

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:31

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  40. Content type: Research

    Patients with low back pain often seek chiropractic care and more than ninety percent of Chiropractors use lumbar side posture manipulation for the treatment of low back pain. During this procedure chiropracto...

    Authors: Maruti Ram Gudavalli and Robert M Rowell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:29

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  41. Content type: Research

    Generalized hyperalgesia, a widespread increased sensitivity to painful stimuli, has been demonstrated in a range of chronic pain conditions including low-back pain. The evidence suggests, that generalized hyp...

    Authors: Søren O’Neill, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Claus Manniche and Lars Arendt-Nielsen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:30

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  42. Content type: Systematic review

    Numerous clinical tests are used in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury but their accuracy is unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests fo...

    Authors: Michael S Swain, Nicholas Henschke, Steven J Kamper, Aron S Downie, Bart W Koes and Chris G Maher

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:25

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Arthritis is a significant contributor to illness, pain and disability and imposes a considerable burden upon the community. Pain is a cardinal symptom of arthritis and has significant implications on biopsych...

    Authors: Katie de Luca, Lynne Parkinson and Julie Byles

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:28

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Back and neck disability are frequent in older adults resulting in loss of function and independence. Exercise therapy and manual therapy, like spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), have evidence of short and int...

    Authors: Corrie Vihstadt, Michele Maiers, Kristine Westrom, Gert Bronfort, Roni Evans, Jan Hartvigsen and Craig Schulz

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:26

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Manual spinal joint mobilisations and manipulations are widely used treatments in patients with neck and low-back pain. Inter-examiner reliability of passive intervertebral motion assessment of the cervical an...

    Authors: Emiel van Trijffel, Robert Lindeboom, Patrick MM Bossuyt, Maarten A Schmitt, Cees Lucas, Bart W Koes and Rob AB Oostendorp

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:22

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