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  1. This paper describes the education and case management profile of sports chiropractors with the Federation of International Sports Chiropractors (FICS) postgraduate qualification: International Chiropractic Sp...

    Authors: Luke Nelson, Henry Pollard, Rick Ames, Brett Jarosz, Pete Garbutt and Cliff Da Costa
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:51
  2. Some chiropractors suggest that chiropractic treatment is appropriate for health issues other than musculoskeletal problems. The prevalence of such claims on individual clinic websites has previously been repo...

    Authors: Søren O’Neill, Anneline Bugge Wahlqvist, Natasja Kragh Simonsen, Cornelius Myburgh and Rikke Krüger Jensen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:50
  3. Corticosteroid injection and dry needling have been used in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, but it is unclear which intervention is the most effective. The purpose of this study was to compare the...

    Authors: Luis Fernando Sousa Filho, Marta Maria Barbosa Santos, Gabriel Henrique Freire dos Santos and Walderi Monteiro da Silva Júnior
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:49
  4. Persistent or recurrent neck pain is, together with other chronic conditions, suggested to be associated with disturbances of the Autonomic Nervous System. Acute effects on the Autonomic Nervous System, common...

    Authors: Anders Galaasen Bakken, Andreas Eklund, David M. Hallman and Iben Axén
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:48
  5. Remote consultations (RCs) enable clinicians to continue to support patients when face-to-face appointments are not possible. Restrictions to face-to-face care during the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated a pr...

    Authors: Shane Derbyshire, Jonathan Field, Jane Vennik, Marc Sanders and Dave Newell
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:47
  6. Evidence suggests that diagnostic imaging for low back pain does not improve care in the absence of suspicion of serious pathology. However, the effect of imaging use on clinical outcomes has not been investig...

    Authors: Hazel J. Jenkins, Alice Kongsted, Simon D. French, Tue Secher Jensen, Klaus Doktor, Jan Hartvigsen and Mark Hancock
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:46
  7. The chiropractic profession is 125 years old and has evolved a culture beset with internal conflict. The internal ructions have been particularly noticeable during the last 20 years. These polarising viewpoint...

    Authors: Henry Pollard
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:44

    The Correction to this article has been published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:45

  8. Musculoskeletal pain is among the most common reasons for seeking care, specialist competence for its treatment in primary care limited and waiting lists for orthopaedics often amongst the longest. Many referr...

    Authors: Stina Lilje, Andreas Eklund, Anders Wykman, Tobias Sundberg and Eva Skillgate
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:43
  9. Factors that influence utilisation rates of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) for low back pain (LBP) within the chiropractic profession of Australia are currently unknown. This study aimed to examine ...

    Authors: Natalie Clohesy, Anthony Schneiders, Gaery Barbery and Steven Obst
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:42
  10. Chiropractors have diverse views of practice, but the impact on their patient profiles and treatment approaches remains unclear. We assessed the association between chiropractors’ view of practice (unorthodox ...

    Authors: Jessica J. Wong, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, André E. Bussières, Simon D. French and Silvano A. Mior
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:41
  11. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common disorders causing chronic muscle pain. Almost one-third of patients with musculoskeletal complaints meet the MPS criteria. The aim of this study is to e...

    Authors: Monavar Hadizadeh, Abbas Rahimi, Mohammad Javaherian, Meysam Velayati and Jan Dommerholt
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:40
  12. Chiropractors frequently use spinal manipulation therapy as a treatment modality in the management of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions such as spinal pain and sometimes in the treatment of non-MSK disorders. T...

    Authors: Guillaume Goncalves, Philippe Fleuriau, Charlène Cheron, Mathieu Picchiottino, Sylvain Pigeon and Rikke Krüger Jensen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:39
  13. In The Netherlands, low back pain patients can consult physicians specialized in musculoskeletal (MSK) medicine. Previous studies have reported on the characteristics of patients consulting MSK physicians, and...

    Authors: Wouter Schuller, Raymond W. Ostelo, Daphne C. Rohrich, Martijn W. Heymans and Henrica C. W. de Vet
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:38
  14. Disease monitoring is an important element of self-management of several chronic diseases. Pain monitoring has become very easily available, but the role in musculoskeletal pain conditions is not clear. Awaren...

    Authors: Alice Kongsted, Tue Secher Jensen, Klaus Doktor and Lise Hestbæk
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:37
  15. Female practitioners are often subjected to inappropriate patient sexual behaviour (IPSB). Adverse consequences of such sexual harassment include for the practitioner psychological stress effects and negative ...

    Authors: Stanley Innes, Laura Maurice, Michele Lastella and Catherine O’Mullan
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:36
  16. Mixed methods designs are increasingly used in health care research to enrich findings. However, little is known about the frequency of use of this methodology in chiropractic research, or the quality of repor...

    Authors: Peter C. Emary, Kent J. Stuber, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Mark Oremus, Paul S. Nolet, Jennifer V. Nash, Craig A. Bauman, Carla Ciraco, Rachel J. Couban and Jason W. Busse
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:35
  17. Little is known about the underlying biomechanical cause of low back pain (LBP). Recently, technological advances have made it possible to quantify biomechanical and neurophysiological measurements, potential...

    Authors: Casper Glissmann Nim, Søren O’Neill, Anne Gellert Geltoft, Line Korsholm Jensen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen and Gregory Neil Kawchuk
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:34
  18. Static or motion manual palpation of the low back is commonly used to assess pain location and reproduction in low back pain (LBP) patients. The purpose of this study is to review the reliability and validity ...

    Authors: Paul S. Nolet, Hainan Yu, Pierre Côté, Anne-Laure Meyer, Vicki L. Kristman, Deborah Sutton, Kent Murnaghan and Nadège Lemeunier
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:33
  19. In chronic conditions, such as back pain, the use of interventions that address physical, social and psychological aspects within a biopsychosocial framework are encouraged, however, applying this holistic mul...

    Authors: M. John Petrozzi, Grace Spencer and Martin G. Mackey
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:32
  20. The Thessaly test is a commonly used orthopedic test for meniscus tear evaluation. The study’s objective is to evaluate the degree of medial meniscal extrusion during different loading phases of the Thessaly t...

    Authors: John C. Cho, Lauren Tollefson and Kenneth Reckelhoff
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:31
  21. Authors: Braden Keil and Christian Fludder
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:30
  22. Authors: Lise Hestbæk, Lise Vilstrup Holm, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Henrik Wulff Christensen and Jens Søndergaard
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:29
  23. Low back pain is one of the major causes of disability world-wide. Most back pain sufferers experience pain that is recurrent or persistent, making management of this condition a priority. In a series of previ...

    Authors: Jesper Hjertstrand, Per J. Palmgren, Iben Axén and Andreas Eklund
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:28
  24. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presents with physical, emotional and social difficulties that affect quality of life. Multimodal management includes both pharmacological and non-pharmacological s...

    Authors: Danielle A. Baxter, Johannah L. Shergis, Catherine J. Hill, Christopher Worsnop and Meaghan E. Coyle
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:27
  25. Authors: Pierre Côté, Jan Hartvigsen, Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Melissa Corso, Heather Shearer, Jessica Wong, Andrée-Anne Marchand, J. David Cassidy, Simon French, Gregory N. Kawchuk, Silvano Mior, Erik Poulsen, John Srbely, Carlo Ammendolia, Marc-André Blanchette…
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:26
  26. Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are two distinct conditions characterized by similar symptoms including leg pain and walking limitations due to claudication. Differentiation ...

    Authors: Mariève Houle, Julie O’Shaughnessy, Charles Tétreau, Claude-Édouard Châtillon, Andrée-Anne Marchand and Martin Descarreaux
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:24
  27. Sleep problems are common and may be associated with persistent pain. It is unclear whether non-pharmacological interventions improve sleep and pain in adults with comorbid sleep problems and musculoskeletal (...

    Authors: Efrosini Papaconstantinou, Carol Cancelliere, Leslie Verville, Jessica J. Wong, Gaelan Connell, Hainan Yu, Heather Shearer, Charlotte Timperley, Chadwick Chung, Bryan J. Porter, Danny Myrtos, Matthew Barrigar and Anne Taylor-Vaisey
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:23
  28. As is the case around the globe, the Danish chiropractic community appears to be an active service provider for the athletic sub-population. However, a paucity of evidence elucidating the experiences, percepti...

    Authors: Corrie Myburgh, Julie Andersen, Nicklas Bakkely, Jakob Hermannsen, Marcus Zuschlag, Philip Damgaard and Eleanor Boyle
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:22
  29. The objective of this study was to establish the level of inter-examiner reliability for six common cervical manual and physical examination procedures used to assess the cervical spine.

    Authors: Karthik V. Hariharan, Michael G. Timko, Christopher G. Bise, Meenakshi Sundaram and Michael J. Schneider
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:20
  30. The Commission of the European Communities (CEC) has published: European Guidelines on Quality Criteria for Diagnostic Radiographic Images. These guidelines are considered a gold standard, recommended for use ...

    Authors: Klaus Doktor, Maria Lind Vilholm, Aldis Hardardóttir, Henrik Wulff Christensen and Jens Lauritsen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:19
  31. In clinical diagnosis, the maximum motion of a cervical joint is thought to be found at the joint’s end-range and it is this perception that forms the basis for the interpretation of flexion/extension imaging ...

    Authors: Victoria Andersen, Xu Wang, Mark de Zee, Lasse Riis Østergaard, Maciej Plocharski and René Lindstroem
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:18
  32. A recent trial identified large variation in effect of chiropractic care for infantile colic. Thus, identification of possible effect modifiers could potentially enhance the clinical reasoning to select infant...

    Authors: Lise Vilstrup Holm, Werner Vach, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Jens Søndergaard and Lise Hestbæk
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:16
  33. Chiropractic care is commonly used to treat infantile colic. However large trials with parental blinding are missing. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of chiropractic care on infa...

    Authors: Lise Vilstrup Holm, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Jens Søndergaard and Lise Hestbæk
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:15
  34. Suicide is a major public health concern that has wide-reaching implications on individuals, families, and society. Efforts to respond to a public health concern as a portal-of-entry provider can reduce morbid...

    Authors: Zachary A. Cupler, Clinton J. Daniels, Derek R. Anderson, Michael T. Anderson, Jason G. Napuli and Megan E. Tritt
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:14
  35. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jan Hartvigsen, Greg Kawchuk, Alexander Breen, Diana De Carvalho, Andreas Eklund, Matthew Fernandez, Martha Funabashi, Michelle M. Holmes, Melker S. Johansson, Katie de Luca, Craig Moore, Isabelle Pagé, Katherine A. Pohlman, Michael S. Swain, Arnold Y. L. Wong and Jon Adams
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:13

    The original article was published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:9

  36. Managing low back pain (LBP) often involves MRI despite the fact that international guidelines do not recommend routine imaging. To allow us to explore the topic and use this knowledge in further research, a r...

    Authors: Susanne Brogaard Krogh, Tue Secher Jensen, Nanna Rolving, Malene Laursen, Janus Nikolaj Laust Thomsen, Casper Brink Hansen, Christoffer Høj Werenberg, Erik Rasmussen, Rune Carlson and Rikke Krüger Jensen
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:12
  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Pierre Côté, Jan Hartvigsen, Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Melissa Corso, Heather Shearer, Jessica Wong, Andrée-Anne Marchand, J. David Cassidy, Simon French, Gregory N. Kawchuk, Silvano Mior, Erik Poulsen, John Srbely, Carlo Ammendolia, Marc-André Blanchette…
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:11

    The original article was published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:8

  38. Pain hypersensitivity can be assessed using Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) and is associated with persistent low back pain. Spinal manipulation appears to modify pain hypersensitivity, and this could funct...

    Authors: Casper Glissmann Nim, Kenneth Arnold Weber, Gregory Neill Kawchuk and Søren O’Neill
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:10
  39. The Chiropractic Academy for Research Leadership (CARL) was formed in 2016 in response to a need for a global network of early career researchers and leaders in the chiropractic profession. Thirteen fellows we...

    Authors: Jan Hartvigsen, Greg Kawchuk, Alexander Breen, Diana De Carvalho, Andreas Eklund, Matthew Fernandez, Martha Funabashi, Michelle M. Holmes, Melker S. Johansson, Katie de Luca, Craig Moore, Isabelle Pagé, Katherine A. Pohlman, Michael S. Swain, Arnold Y. L. Wong and Jon Adams
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:9

    The Correction to this article has been published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:13

  40. A small proportion of chiropractors, osteopaths, and other manual medicine providers use spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) to manage non-musculoskeletal disorders. However, the efficacy and effectiveness of th...

    Authors: Pierre Côté, Jan Hartvigsen, Iben Axén, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Melissa Corso, Heather Shearer, Jessica Wong, Andrée-Anne Marchand, J. David Cassidy, Simon French, Gregory N. Kawchuk, Silvano Mior, Erik Poulsen, John Srbely, Carlo Ammendolia, Marc-André Blanchette…
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:8

    The Correction to this article has been published in Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:11

  41. Previous research demonstrated that manipulation of the extremities was associated with changes in multisegmental postural sway as well as improvement in a lower extremity balancing task. We were interested if...

    Authors: Christopher A. Malaya, Joshua Haworth, Katherine A. Pohlman and Dean L. Smith
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:6
  42. Chiropractic students demonstrate philosophically opposing views about the chiropractic profession. The primary aim was to describe chiropractic students’ responses to statements about chiropractic identity, r...

    Authors: Michael S. Swain, Jordan A. Gliedt, Katie de Luca, Dave Newell and Michelle Holmes
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:5
  43. Manual therapy is a cornerstone of chiropractic education, whereby students work towards a level of skill and expertise that is regarded as competent to work within the field of chiropractic. Due to the COVID-...

    Authors: Katie de Luca, Marcus McDonald, Laura Montgomery, Stephen Sharp, Anika Young, Simon Vella, Michelle M. Holmes, Sasha Aspinall, Danica Brousseau, Chris Burrell, David Byfield, Dawn Dane, Philip Dewhurst, Aron Downie, Roger Engel, Brian Gleberzon…
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:7
  44. Low back pain (LBP) rarely requires routine imaging of the lumbar spine in the primary care setting, as serious spinal pathology is rare. Despite evidence-based clinical practice guidelines recommending delayi...

    Authors: Diana De Carvalho, André Bussières, Simon D. French, Darrell Wade, Debbie Brake-Patten, Lino O’Keefe, Barbara Elliott, Ken Budgell, Sara O’Reilly, Daphne To and Amanda Hall
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:4
  45. Evidence-based practice (EBP) is integral to the delivery of high-quality health care. Chiropractic has been a licensed health profession in Sweden since 1989, but little is known of the uptake of EBP in this ...

    Authors: Matthew J. Leach, Per J. Palmgren, Oliver P. Thomson, Gary Fryer, Andreas Eklund, Stina Lilje, Jon Adams, Eva Skillgate and Tobias Sundberg
    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2021 29:2