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  1. Nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma (NFPA) is a tumour of the endocrine system that is virtually always benign and can be difficult to detect. This case report is presented from the patient’s perspective to ...

    Authors: Craig A. Bauman, James D. Milligan, Tammy Labreche and John J. Riva

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:12

    Content type: Case report

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  2. In order for measurements to be clinically useful, data on psychometric conditions such as reliability should be available in the population for which the measurements are intended to be used. This study compr...

    Authors: Steen Harsted, Rune M. Mieritz, Gert Bronfort and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:13

    Content type: Methodology

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  3. The influence of psychological factors on acute neck pain is sparsely studied. In a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data, this study investigated how several psychological factors develop in the ...

    Authors: Brigitte Wirth, B. Kim Humphreys and Cynthia Peterson

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:9

    Content type: Research

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  4. Clinical reasoning has been described as a process that draws heavily on the knowledge, skills and attributes that are particular to each health profession. However, the clinical reasoning processes of practit...

    Authors: Sandra Grace, Paul Orrock, Brett Vaughan, Raymond Blaich and Rosanne Coutts

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:6

    Content type: Research

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  5. Musculoskeletal disorders of the elbow, forearm, wrist and hand are associated with pain, functional impairment and decreased productivity in the general population. Combining several interventions in a multim...

    Authors: Deborah Sutton, Douglas P. Gross, Pierre Côté, Kristi Randhawa, Hainan Yu, Jessica J. Wong, Paula Stern, Sharanya Varatharajan, Danielle Southerst, Heather M. Shearer, Maja Stupar, Rachel Goldgrub, Gabrielle van der Velde, Margareta Nordin, Linda J. Carroll and Anne Taylor-Vaisey

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:8

    Content type: Reviews

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  6. The editor of Chiropractic & Manual Therapies would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 23 (2015).

    Authors: Bruce F. Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:10

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  7. Job stress and emotional exhaustion have been shown to have a negative impact on the helping professional. The development and causal relations of job stress and emotional exhaustion are rather unclear in the ...

    Authors: Shawn Williams

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:2

    Content type: Research

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  8. It has been proposed that an episode of low back pain (LBP) be defined as: “a period of pain in the lower back lasting for more than 24 h preceded and followed by a period of at least 1 month without LBP”. Pre...

    Authors: Andreas Eklund, Irene Jensen, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Iben Axén

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:3

    Content type: Research

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  9. Pregnancy related low back pain (PLBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) are considered common complications of pregnancy. The long-term consequences for women with persistent PLBP/PGP postpartum are under-investig...

    Authors: Cecilia Bergström, Margareta Persson and Ingrid Mogren

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:7

    Content type: Research

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  10. Complaints in the musculoskeletal system often start early in life and back and neck pain in children are well-established predictors for similar problems in adulthood. Despite lack of evidence of effectivenes...

    Authors: Kristina Boe Dissing, Jan Hartvigsen, Niels Wedderkopp and Lise Hestbæk

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. The objective of this paper is to describe the relationship of the vertebral artery (VA) to the Atlas (C1) in the sub-occipital region in the presence of arcuate foramen; and discuss the clinical implications ...

    Authors: Salman Afsharpour, Kathryn T. Hoiriis, R. Bruce Fox and Samuel Demons

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:4

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Councils of Chiropractic Education (CCE) indirectly influence patient care and safety through their role of ensuring the standards of training delivered by chiropractic educational institutions. This is achiev...

    Authors: Stanley I. Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Bruce F. Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2016 24:1

    Content type: Systematic review

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  13. Various interventions are available for the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP), including Manual Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the addi...

    Authors: M. John Petrozzi, Andrew Leaver, Mairwen K. Jones, Paulo H. Ferreira, Sidney M. Rubinstein and Martin G. Mackey

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. The association between cervical lordosis (sagittal alignment) and neck pain is controversial. Further, it is unclear whether spinal manipulative therapy can change cervical lordosis. This study aimed to deter...

    Authors: Michael Shilton, Jonathan Branney, Bas Penning de Vries and Alan C. Breen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:33

    Content type: Research

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  15. While there have been investigations into the reduced neck injury rate of wearing protective helmets, there is little information on its effects on normal kinaesthetic neck function. This study aims to quantif...

    Authors: Peter W. McCarthy, Phillip J. Hume, Andrew I. Heusch and Sally D. Lark

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:32

    Content type: Research

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  16. Musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) has been growing outside the traditional radiology speciality. Increased use of this technology has been reported in several healthcare settings, howeve...

    Authors: Rogan E A Henderson, Bruce F. Walker and Kenneth J. Young

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:31

    Content type: Review

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  17. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the upper and lower extremities are common in the general population and place a significant burden on the health care system. Manual therapy is recommended by clinical prac...

    Authors: Danielle Southerst, Hainan Yu, Kristi Randhawa, Pierre Côté, Kevin D’Angelo, Heather M. Shearer, Jessica J. Wong, Deborah Sutton, Sharanya Varatharajan, Rachel Goldgrub, Sarah Dion, Jocelyn Cox, Roger Menta, Courtney K. Brown, Paula J. Stern, Maja Stupar…

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:30

    Content type: Systematic review

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  18. Lumbar segmental instability is often considered to be a cause of chronic low back pain. However, defining its measurement has been largely limited to laboratory studies. These have characterised segmental sta...

    Authors: Alexander C Breen, Mihai Dupac and Neil Osborne

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:28

    Content type: Research

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  19. The chiropractic profession has been well established in Denmark for several decades with state authorization, partial reimbursement by the state and a formal academic education. Biennial systematic data colle...

    Authors: Orla Lund Nielsen, Alice Kongsted and Henrik Wulff Christensen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:27

    Content type: Research

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  20. No previous clinical trials have investigated MRI findings as effect modifiers for conservative treatment of low back pain. This hypothesis-setting study investigated if MRI findings modified response to rest ...

    Authors: Rikke K. Jensen, Peter Kent and Mark Hancock

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:26

    Content type: Research

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  21. High-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation is commonly used in the treatment of spinal pain syndromes. The mechanisms by which HVLA-manipulation might reduce spinal pain are not well understood, bu...

    Authors: Søren O’Neill, Øystein Ødegaard-Olsen and Beate Søvde

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:25

    Content type: Research

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  22. Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine condition. There is evidence to suggest that, for a proportion of sufferers, the standard medical treatment does not completely reverse the constitutional and neuropsychiat...

    Authors: Benjamin T. Brown, Petra L. Graham, Rod Bonello and Henry Pollard

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:24

    Content type: Research

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  23. Trivial pain or minor soreness commonly follows neck manipulation and has been estimated at one in three treatments. In addition, rare catastrophic events can occur. Some of these incidents have been ascribed ...

    Authors: Peter D Chapman, Norman J Stomski, Barrett Losco and Bruce F Walker

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:23

    Content type: Research

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  24. Back pain is a common condition during childhood and adolescence. The causes of back pain are largely unknown but it seems plausible that some physical factors such as back muscle strength, back muscle enduran...

    Authors: Arnaud Lardon, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Christine Le Scanff

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:21

    Content type: Systematic review

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  25. Recognition of homogeneous subgroups of patients can usefully improve prediction of their outcomes and the targeting of treatment. There are a number of research approaches that have been used to recognise hom...

    Authors: Peter Kent, Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Henrik Wulff Christensen and Alice Kongsted

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:20

    Content type: Methodology

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  26. There is controversy surrounding the risk of manipulation, which is often used by chiropractors, with respect to its association with vertebrobasilar artery system (VBA) stroke. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Thomas M Kosloff, David Elton, Jiang Tao and Wade M Bannister

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:19

    Content type: Research

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  27. Prone lying knee flexion (PLKF) is one of the clinical tests used for assessment of the lumbo-pelvic movement pattern. Considerable increase in lumbar lordosis during this test has been considered as impairmen...

    Authors: Amir M Arab, Ailin Talimkhani, Noureddin Karimi and Fetemeh Ehsani

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:18

    Content type: Research

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  28. Chiropractors are frequent providers of care for patients with lower back pain. Biopsychosocial approaches to managing patients are regarded as best practice and are gaining wider acceptance. Recent evidence s...

    Authors: Stanley I Innes, Peter D Werth, Peter J Tuchin and Petra L Graham

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:17

    Content type: Research

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  29. Evidence based practice (EBP) is being increasingly utilized by health care professionals as a means of improving the quality of health care. The introduction of EBP principles into the chiropractic profession...

    Authors: Michael J Schneider, Roni Evans, Mitchell Haas, Matthew Leach, Cheryl Hawk, Cynthia Long, Gregory D Cramer, Oakland Walters, Corrie Vihstadt and Lauren Terhorst

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:16

    Content type: Research

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  30. Ultrasound is frequently used to measure activity in the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM). However previous reliability studies on diagnostic ultrasound and LMM have included a limited number of subjects and few...

    Authors: Eirik Johan Skeie, Jan Arve Borge, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Jenni Bolton and Niels Wedderkopp

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:15

    Content type: Research

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  31. Several clinical tests have been proposed on low back pain (LBP), but their usefulness in detecting lumbar instability is not yet clear. The objective of this literature review was to investigate the clinical ...

    Authors: Silvano Ferrari, Tiziana Manni, Francesca Bonetti, Jorge Hugo Villafañe and Carla Vanti

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:14

    Content type: Systematic review

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  32. Chiropractic is a popular health care choice in Australia and yet major gaps in our empirical understanding of this area of practice remain. Furthermore, while some research excellence exists, a largely uncoor...

    Authors: Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Sungwon Chang and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:12

    Content type: Commentary

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  33. There is a strong tradition of performing a clinical examination of low back pain (LBP) patients and this is generally recommended in guidelines. However, establishing a pathoanatomic diagnosis does not seem p...

    Authors: Lisbeth Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted and Lise Hestbaek

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:13

    Content type: Review

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  34. Musculoskeletal diseases are the most common causes of long-term pain and disability worldwide and a growing international public health concern. However, the everyday burden and impact of musculoskeletal cond...

    Authors: Maria Hondras, Corrie Myburgh, Jan Hartvigsen, Scott Haldeman and Helle Johannessen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:11

    Content type: Methodology

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  35. With increasing morbidity and mortality attributable to non-communicable disease, primary healthcare providers are urged to increasingly support people in making healthy lifestyle choices. Many chronic physica...

    Authors: Patricia E Fikar, Kent A Edlund and Dave Newell

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:10

    Content type: Research

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  36. Evaluation of patients’ experience of their osteopathic treatment has recently been investigated leading to the development of the Patient Perception Measure – Osteopathy (PPM-O). The aim of the study was to i...

    Authors: Jane Mulcahy and Brett Vaughan

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:6

    Content type: Research

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  37. Practitioners in several of the health care professions use anatomical landmarks to identify spinal levels, both in order to enhance diagnostic accuracy and to specifically target the site of intervention. Aut...

    Authors: Robert Cooperstein, Michael Haneline and Morgan Young

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:7

    Content type: Review

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  38. Diagnostic coding has several potential benefits, including improving the feasibility of data collection for research and clinical audits and providing a common language to improve interdisciplinary collaborat...

    Authors: Cecilie D Testern, Lise Hestbæk and Simon D French

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:8

    Content type: Research

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  39. There are few known studies investigating the correlation of symptomatology with the specific subtypes of cervical spine degenerative joint disease demonstrated on radiograph. The aim of this study was to asse...

    Authors: Iris Sun Rudy, Alexandra Poulos, Laura Owen, Ashlee Batters, Kasia Kieliszek, Jessica Willox and Hazel Jenkins

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:9

    Content type: Research

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  40. The literature pertaining to chiropractic students’ opinions with respect to the desired future status of the chiropractic physician is limited and is an appropriate topic worthy of study. A previous pilot stu...

    Authors: Jordan A Gliedt, Cheryl Hawk, Michelle Anderson, Kashif Ahmad, Dinah Bunn, Jerrilyn Cambron, Brian Gleberzon, John Hart, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Stephen M Perle, Michael Ramcharan, Stephanie Sullivan and Liang Zhang

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:4

    Content type: Research

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  41. UK morbidity and mortality rates from skin cancer are increasing despite existing preventative strategies involving education and early detection. Manual therapists are ideally placed to support these goals as...

    Authors: Sara Glithro, David Newell, Lorna Burrows, Adrian Hunnisett and Christina Cunliffe

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:5

    Content type: Research

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  42. Not enough is understood about patients’ views of chiropractic care. The aims of this research were to explore patients’ experiences and expectations, their perceptions of benefits and risks, and the implicati...

    Authors: Hugh MacPherson, Elizabeth Newbronner, Ruth Chamberlain and Ann Hopton

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:3

    Content type: Research

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  43. The most utilized soccer kicking method is the instep kicking technique. Decreased motion in spinal joint segments results in adverse biomechanical changes within in the kinematic chain. These changes may be l...

    Authors: Kyle Colin Deutschmann, Andrew Douglas Jones and Charmaine Maria Korporaal

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2015 23:1

    Content type: Research

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  44. Back pain is a common condition that starts early in life and seems to increase markedly during puberty. A systematic review was performed in order to investigate the link between puberty and back pain, using ...

    Authors: Arnaud Lardon, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Christine Le Scanff and Niels Wedderkopp

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:27

    Content type: Systematic review

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  45. Manual spinal joint mobilisations and manipulations are widely used treatments in patients with neck and low-back pain. Inter-examiner reliability of passive intervertebral motion assessment of the cervical an...

    Authors: Emiel van Trijffel, Robert Lindeboom, Patrick MM Bossuyt, Maarten A Schmitt, Cees Lucas, Bart W Koes and Rob AB Oostendorp

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  46. Two clinical tests used to assess for neuromuscular control deficits in low back pain (LBP) patients are the prone hip extension (PHE) test and active straight leg raise (ASLR) test. For these tests, it has be...

    Authors: Paul A Bruno, David P Millar and Dale A Goertzen

    Citation: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 22:23

    Content type: Research

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